BULLETIN OF ARCHAEOLOGY, ANTHROPOLOGY AND ETHNOGRAPHY 1  (1997)

Summary

Paleogeography and historical ecology

Kosintsev P. A., Bobkovskaya N. E.

Bone remains from Olkhovka, the settlement of cherkaskulskaya cultureat the Iset river

The osseous material from the settlement Olkhovka cherkaskulskaya culture is analyzed. It was made a conclusion about the settled type of stock-breeding with the predominance of cattle and to a small extent of horse-breeding and small cattle, it is witnessed a morphological homogenity among bearers of cherkaskulskaya and andronovskaya cultures.

 

Larin S. I., Matveeva N. P.

Reconstruction of man inhabiting medium in early iron age in the northern part of Tobol-Irtysh forest-steppe (on the palynological materials of archaeological sites)

There are published the results of palynological sample analysis from the memorials of sargatskaya culture dated the second half of the I Millenium B. C. The quantatative reconstruction of average annual temperatures and precipitations by method of Klimanov is given.

Due to correlation of the basic components of spore-polen complexes the landscapes of VIV centuries B.C. belong to the steppe type with dominant of wormwood. In III century B.C. there were marked relatively humid and cool climatic conditions consequently changing to warming and dryness (aridity).

 

Turov S. V.

To the problem of ecological aspects of West-Siberian agriculture in XVIII the first half of XIX century

Based on the published data from the archives sources, development of cattle-breeding and farming in peasants household of West Siberia in XVIII the first half of XIX centuries in correlation with environment are considered. The numerical data testifying to the sucsesses of west-siberian cattle-breeding in the middle of XIX century. It is stated a rather high knowledge level of soil and climate peculiarities of the region among peasants and some local agricultural peculiarities are investigated.