BULLETIN OF ARCHAEOLOGY, ANTHROPOLOGY AND ETHNOGRAPHY ¹ 1 (12) (2010)
The article considers «the Kutchum fortified settlement» drawing by S.U. Remezov (1703) from his “Chorographic drawing book”. Basing on a copy from the drawing’s original, with an attraction of other documents containing in that book, subject to reconstruction being inscriptions of the drawing marking a scale of the fortified settlement at the border of the XVII–XVIII cc. The investigation draws the author to a conclusion that «the Kutchum Fortified Settlement» drawing by S.U. Remezov is the first topographical plan of a Siberian archaeological site of the early XVIII c.
The Isker fortified settlement, “the Kutchum Fortified Settlement” plan by Remezov (1703).
The article considers basic elements of the volost administration with Siberian Tartars in the second half of the XIX — early XX c. Basing on archive data, subject to analysis being activity of the volost gathering and volost board, as well as rights and responsibilities of volost officials. The author comes to a conclusion that within the specified period the volost administration with Siberian Tartars was equalized with that among Russian peasants. The volost boards were officially legalized and became permanently active self-government bodies in the community. At the same time, they were regarded by the powers as the lowest administrative chain. Still on the whole one could see bureaucracy and formalization in the work of the volost administration and an increasing control on the part of administrative bodies.
Siberian Tartars, the volost administration, gathering, board, senior representatives, clerks.
Using rich field data, the article considers a system of massage in the people medicine of the Izhemets from the Low Ob’ basin. A particular attention is paid to a figure (personality) of a masseur, methods of medical diagnostics, hygienic rules, a procedure of massage, its methods, forms and technique. The popularity of massage with the Izhemets could be explained by the shaped social conditions. The article is supplied with illustrations demonstrating basic movements under massaging.
The Komi of the Low Ob’ basin, people medicine, massage, personality of a masseur, hygiene of massage, periodicity and duration of massage, indications to massage, methods of massage, forms of massage, massage technique.
Basing on the author’s field data, as well as on archive business correspondence and statistical data, the article considers dynamics of the population, settlement and traditional economy with the Vyngapur group of the forest Nenets. In the early XXI c. they are characterized by a semi-settled mode of life, a leading role of fishing in their survival, a high share of the economies not possessing reindeer and possessing a small number of reindeer, loss by some families of reindeer breeding skills and technique, the existence of two dwelling types: a traditional portable dwelling (“tchum”) and a non-portable dwelling-house in a settlement. Their modern economy represents synthesis of traditional and new features acquired as a result of socio-historical development and interaction with state structures and industrial companies carrying out oil and gas development on their dwelling territory.
The forest Nenets, Pur District, Yamal-Nenets National Region, ethnography, ethnic history, ethno-demography, traditional economy, reindeer breeding, fishing.
The article is devoted to a
foot-fight technique — one of the important applied elements of the Russian
contest and applied culture. Subject to consideration being an investigation
history of this element, which began in Russia and the Ukraine in the 1980s
-1990s. Using foot-kicking in contests and applied fights was mentioned in the
notes of European diplomats, travelers and private persons visiting Russia in
the XVI–XVIII cc., in domestic journalism and fiction of the XVIII–ÕÕ
cc., in Russian folklore and, of course, in ethnographical
sources of late
ÕÕ — early XXI c. Foot-kicking was efficiently used in fights, fistcuffs, teenager games, and took an important place in military upbringing of the Russian people. Due to permanent wars, military practice was the destiny of the whole nation, since early childhood, and developed into one of the basic traditions shaping the Russian character.
Foot-kicking, foot-fight, contest and applied culture of the Russians, foot-fight technique, Russian fight, fistcuff.
Subject to consideration being clothing of images of the dead from collections of the Museum of Anthropology and Ethnography named after Peter the Great (Êunstkamera) of the Russian Academy of Sciences. The author gives a detailed description of the articles including minor details, which is important under investigation of certain questions associated with material and spiritual culture of Khanty and Mansi.
Ob’ Ugrians, clothing, images of the dead, ittarma, reindeer skin, fabric.
The paper undertakes an attempt to consider sociocultural space of Tyumen Region basing on analysis of a historically changeable reference framework of development. Subject to execution being detalization of the route chart of pre-industrial period as the pre-basis of industrial settlement chart. The evaluation of development with regard to linear elements of the framework is for the first time correlated with overall evaluation of development with regard to regional network of the cities as central elements of the framework. Subject to introduction being a notion of basic structure-and-communicative model of investigation, specifying ways of its development.
Structure, communication, colonization route, reference framework of development (settlement), cultural landscape, sociocultural space.
The article cites a general list of sources containing data on personality and political activity of commander (t’emnik) Nogai. Basing on chronological proximity of the source’ author to the described events, as well as on the circle of his political and economic interests, subject to singling out being two basic groups of documents.
Nogai, the Golden Horde, source base, Àk-Horde, diplomatic mission, nomads.