BULLETIN OF ARCHAEOLOGY, ANTHROPOLOGY AND ETHNOGRAPHY ¹ 1 (14) (2011)
Lychagina Ye.L., Poplevko G.N.
Potential of integrated analysis of stone inventory (basing on excavation VI at Khutorskaya site)
The article is devoted to integrated analysis of stone inventory from Khutorskaya site, representing a reference site of the Kama Neolithic culture. In the course of works they undertook a typological, trace and planigraphic analysis of excavation VI at Khutorskaya site. The authors came to a conclusion that the population at that excavation was mainly busy with cutting wood production and wood working. The notions that use of plates was not typical for a developed stage of the Kama Neolithic culture should be revised.
Integrated analysis, typological analysis, trace analysis, planigraphic analysis, the Kama Neolithic culture, stone inventory.
Semiotic status of «ironings»
The article gives analysis of decorative and morphological characteristics of transversal grooved tools — «ironings», resulting from which we could construct a semantic model representing their involvement into a technological process of making arrow shafts as a cosmological ritual of reproducing living substance.
Transversal grooved tools — «ironings», semantics of «ironings», semantics of arrow, animism, ri-tual of reproducing living substance, worldview of Neolithic hunters and fishers, semantics of decor, rectifiers of arrow shafts.
Zakh V.A., Ilyushina V.V.
Late Bronze burial ground of Chepkul 5 in Low Tobol area
The article considers materials of Late Bronze burials found during investigations of Chepkul 5 multi-layer settlement. Subject to consideration being two burial groups. The first group was represented by remnants of five burial complexes located closer to the edge of the terrace. In two cases, those were vessels held in black sandy loam, while in other two cases they stood in shallow burial pits, cutting the subsoil. Skeletons have not been preserved. In burial 3, input into the cultural layer of the settlement, there were preserved skeleton remnants from which we could determine a position of the buried, lying on the right side with the head facing West and a vessel standing by the head. The second group, consisting of two burials made in pits deepened into the subsoil, was located on the depth of the terrace. Judging by dishes and bronze arrowheads, the burials most probably refer to the Koptyakovo culture. The vessels from burials of the first group being closest to the dishes of the Pakhomovo circle sites.
Lower Tobol basin, system of the Andreyevo lakes, Chepkul lake, Chepkul 5, Late Bronze burials, the Koptyakovo culture, the Pakhomovo complexes.
Degtyareva A.D., Kostomarova Yu.V.
Metal of Late Bronze Age in the forest and steppe Low Tobol area
The article describes nonferrous metal of the Fyodorovo, Cherkaskul, and Barkhatovo cultures, originating from sites of the forest and steppe Low Tobol area. The metal is distributed into two groups associated with the second and third stages of Eurasian metalworking province. Morphological details of tools and decorations, use of low alloyed tin bronze for production of nonferrous inventory, and traditional technological methods testify to certain succession in development of metalworking from the Alakul and Fyodorovo cultures up to Cherkaskul and Barkhatovo cultures.
Bronze Age, history of metalworking, forest and steppe Low Tobol area, Eurasian metalworking pro-vince.
Matveyev À.V., Kostomarov V.M.
The Pakhomovo antiquities of West Siberia
The article describes the authors’ basic provisions regarding questions of the Pakhomovo culture. It describes the totality of material obtained during investigations of Late Bronze sites in West Siberia, specifying the area and details of the population settlement, as well as citing data on pottery and cultural indicators of the Pakhomovo antiquities.
The Pakhomovo culture, Low Tobol area, Low Irtysh area, pottery, ornamentation, stylistic analysis, statistical analysis, cultural genesis, correlation of groups, specificity of culture.
Êîvalevsky S. À.
To the question of Irmen cultural-and-historical community
The article is devoted to a studying history of investigators’ views on cultural attribution of Late Bronze sites in the south of West Siberia. Subject to analysis being experts’ opinions, considering the studied sites within separate cultures, epochs, cultural-and-chronological layers, cultural-and-historical communities. The article cites scholars’ conclusions on the forming centre and peripheral variants of that cultural formation. The article resulted in the author’s conclusion that now it is advisable to consider Late Bronze sites in the south of West Siberia within Irmen cultural-and-historical community.
Late Bronze Age, Irmen cultural-and-historical community, the Irmen culture, the Karasuk culture, the Karasuk epoch.
Nesterova Ì.S., Tkachev Al.Al.
Hearth devices in the structure of the Pakhomovo culture settlement complexes
The article considers hearth and thermotechnical devices in the context of the Late Bronze Age Pakhomovo culture settlement complexes. Subject to analysis being the hearths’ design features, their location in dwelling and interdwelling space, and reconstruction of their functional purpose. The hearth is considered as a dwelling’s central (backbone) element, in its interrelation with other components and design principles of the device itself. The comparison with hearth complexes of synchronous cultures confirms the existence of a specific economic-and-cultural type with the Pakhomovo population.
Tobol-and-Irtysh area, the Pakhomovo culture, settlement, dwelling, inter-dwelling space, hearth device, thermotechnical devices, planigraphy.
Female burials containing weapons: life realities or reflection of social identity? (after materials of the Sargatka culture)
Female burials containing arms articles stay a pancultural phenomenon for societies from the Eurasian steppe/forest-and-steppe zone of the Early Iron Age. The suggested article is devoted to systematization and interpretation of the Sargatka culture female burials containing weapons in Transural and West Siberia. The inclusion of the Sargatka data into the common development context of Eurasian cattle breeding societies will enable to broaden our knowledge on ancient social structures and position held therein by females.
Transural and West Siberia, Early Iron Age, the Sargatka culture, female burials containing weapons, gender archaeology.
Tkachev A.A., Voloshin V.S.
Single burials of Early Iron Age in the basin of the Nura river
The article is devoted to burial complexes of Early Iron Age investigated on the right bank of the Nura river, correlated with antiquities of the Tasmolino culture in Central Kazakhstan. Basing on analysis of burial ritual and ware inventory, the authors justify the early Scythian time of the investigated objects left by early nomads during seasonal migrations.
The Tasmolino culture, the Sadovoye mound, the Shapat cemetery, early Scythian time.
Vizgalov G.P., Kardash O.V.
«The Ostyak manor house» in Beryozovo posad of XVIII century (after archaeological investigations in 2008)
The article is devoted to cultural and ethnic identification of a dwelling manor house in the town of Beryozov of XVIII c., basing on a ware complex. Since foundation in 1593 and throughout 300 years Beryozov served an administrative centre of a vast district including the lower reaches of the Ob’ river basin. The analysis of archaeological materials enables to draw a conclusion on the existence of a dwelling manor house of a north Ostyak fami-ly belonging to privileged layers of the aboriginal aristocracy in Beryozov posad of XVIII c. The artifacts obtained during excavations make it possible to state a high integration level between the aboriginal and Russian regional population in XVIII c.
North-West Siberia, Medieval Age, the town of Beryozov, the fort of Poluj, the fort of Nadym, the Obdorsk Tajshins princes, manor house, ware complex.
A Khoresm bowl from Verkh-Sainsky burial ground
Subject to introduction into a scientific circulation being a silver bowl of Khoresm production obtained from burial 164 in Verkh-Sainsky burial ground of the Early Medieval Age Nevolino culture, located on the Shakva river, the right inflow of the Sylva river in Beryozovo district Perm region.
Òhe Sylva basin, the Nevolino culture, silver Khoresm bowl.