BULLETIN OF ARCHAEOLOGY, ANTHROPOLOGY AND ETHNOGRAPHY ¹ 2 (15) (2011)
Ethnography and ethnic history
Clothing of spirits and clothing accessories of the Ob’ Ugrian peoples in collections of Museum of anthropology and ethnography named after Peter the Great (Kunstkamera) of Russian academy of sciences
Subject to consideration being clothing of spirits’ images from a collection of Museum of anthropology and ethnography named after Peter the Great (Kunstkamera) of Russian Academy of Sciences. The article gives a detailed description of the articles, paying special attention to certain features of clothing of spirits and sacrificial clothing, which interpretation should be traced in the sphere of spiritual culture of Khanty and Mansi.
The Ob’ Ugrian peoples, clothing, images of spirits, sacrificial clothing, tight cut, loose cut, reindeer fur, fabric.
Korusenko S.N., Tomilov N.A.
Siberian Tartars in XVIII — early XX c.: migration, number and social structure
Basing on statistical sources and record keeping documents, the article studies a social structure of the Turkis language population, determining numerical characteristics of three basic groups — local Tartars, Bukhara Tartars, Volga and Ural Tartars, and their correlation, specifying changes in the migration of Siberian Tartars during late XVIII — XIX c.
Tartars of West Siberia, Bukhara Tartars, Volga and Ural Tartars, number, migration, social structure, volost system, social stratification.
Korusenko M.A., Diyanovà À.Ì.
Traditional worldview of the Barabino Tartars in the second third of XX — early XXI c.: notions on spirits the masters of the developed space
The article gives a description of spirits the masters of the space «developed» by man (dwelling place and dependencies) with the Barabino Tartars in the second third of XX — early XXI c. The main source for writing this work was field data from the archives of Museum of archaeology and ethnography, Omsk State university named after Dostoyevsky; and Museum of Siberian Peoples, Omsk branch of the Institute of Archaeology and Ethnography, Siberian division of the Russian Academy of Sciences.
The Barabino Tartars, the second third of XX — early XXI c., traditional beliefs and notions, images of spirits the masters, Uj ijase, Mal ijase, Muncha ijase, shaitan, Malgun, Pichen.
Orthodoxy and Islam: practice of ethnoconfessional communication by the example of the Russians and Kazakhs from the upper part of the Low Irtysh basin (XIX — early XX c.)
The article analyzes practice of intercultural cooperation between the Orthodox Russians and Moslem Kazakhs from the upper part of the Low Irtysh basin during XIX — early XX c., determining a role of state and Russian Orthodox Church in coordinating these processes.
Ethnopsychology, Kazakhs, missionary work, Islam, Orthodoxy.
Êöê börü game as a sociocultural symbol of self-identification with Altai people
The article considers reasons of popularity of Kök börü equestrian-sport game in Altai Republic and ways of its adaptation to a regional modern game culture, as well as the fundamentals of the worldview of Altai people, which it is developing. It also describes etymology of «Kök börü» name, a special attitude to the wolf regarded as a totem-ancestor, and traditions of worshipping the horse. The author comes to a conclusion of the significance of Kök börü game for ethnic consolidation of Altai people, making contacts and conjugal relations among representatives of different seok-kins.
Altai Republic, equestrian-sport game, Altai people, self-identification, seok-kin, ancestral conscience, socicultural symbol, worship of the horse, wolf the ancestor.
Êàlmyks in West Siberia (1944–1956): details of socialization in a special exile colony
By the example of Kalmyks deported to Omsk and Tyumen Oblast, subject to investigation being the influence of regime of special commandant’s office upon socialization of representatives of a separate ethnic group. Basing on a broad circle of sources, the author shows that the enforced character of their socialization, together with administrative barriers, resulted in failure of Kalmyks’ self-identification, creating threat to the very existence of that ethnic group.
Deportation, repressions, socialization, Kalmyks-special migrants, special exile colony.
Population and reindeer breeding in Yamal according to census of 1932–1933
For the first time, data of a regional census in Yamal region in 1932–1933 was introduced into scientific circulation, considering its program, details of taking, and results. Under taking the census by means of local administrative and economic organizations in the period when a conflict between Nenets and Russians in Yamal was about to happen, it became clear that there was a suspicious attitude towards the census on the part of the nomads. It is determined that during the census they registered over half the Yamal regional population. The data was confirmed by that of subsequent censuses, demonstrating predominance of minor and medium reindeer households, together with the fact that the native population was principally occupied by fishing in the South, and by reindeer breeding in the North of Yamal where the biggest reindeer herds and rich reindeer breeders were concentrated.
Census, Northern peoples, Nenets, Khanty, Zyryans, Yamal, statistics, reindeer breeding, ethnography, demography, Yamal region.
Visual representations in the national press: experience of «reading» photos
Subject to analysis being visual images constructed by the Tartar intelligentsia of Tyumen Oblast, and represented in the national (ethnic) press. The article suggests their typology.
Visual anthropology, visual representations, photos, national press, Tartars of Tyumen Oblast.