BULLETIN OF ARCHAEOLOGY, ANTHROPOLOGY AND ETHNOGRAPHY  Ļ 3 (18)  (2012)

ņrchaeology

 

Bobrov V.V., Marochkin A.G., Yurakova A.Yu.

he Boborykino culture settlement of Avtodrom 2/2 (north-west areas of Baraba forest steppe)

The article is devoted to analysis of materials from the settlement of Avtodrom 2/2, the eastmost site of the Boborykino culture. Subject to consideration being characteristics of dwellings, items of stone industry and pottery, with a conclusion on their total identity to the Boborykino complexes from Tobol and Ishim basin. The authors demonstrate an allochthonous origin of the site, as well as its connection with migrations from the main culture area. Basing on stratigraphic observations, they motivate a chronological priority of the Boborykino materials regarding the Artynsky culture complex of the late Neolithic Age.

The Boborykino culture, chronostratigraphy, Baraba forest steppe.

 

Karacharov K.G., Kosinskaya L.L., Stefanov V.I.

he site of Kuchimino 40.1: facts, commentaries, interpretations

Subject to publication being data from the site of Kuchimino 40.1, located in West Siberia in Surgut Low Obí basin. Despite a laconic character of the complex and quite a detailed archaeological study of the region, it turned out impossible to introduce it accurately into a modern periodization scheme with regard to antiquities of West Siberian North. The complex could be equally attributed to the Neolithic Age and to the early Bronze Age, while a set of stone artifacts ó to the Mesolithic as well. The paper aimed at involving a broad circle of experts into a discussion of the presented materials and into a search of new facts in an effort of its accurate interpretation.

Mesolithic, Neolithic Age, Bronze Age, stone inventory, pottery, site, Kuchimino 40.1, West Siberia, Obí, Surgut Low Obí basin, Saigatino.

 

Korochkova ő.N.

ontroversial aspects in the studies of the Tashkovo culture

The article is devoted to investigation of the Tashkovo culture of the Bronze Age from Low Tobol basin. The root of a long running and often unfruitful discussion lies, as the  author sees it, in a limited circle of participants; as well as in vulnerability of suggested interpretations tending to advance the analysis of obtained data. The author motivates a need of criticism regarding the attracted sources and culture analysis in terms of being included into a general context of a developing Eurasian (West Asian) metallurgical province of the late Bronze Age.

Bronze Age, Low Tobol basin, the Tashkovo culture, Seimino-Turbino.

 

Tkachev A.A., Ilyushina V.V.

he Koptyaky complex of the settlement of Osíkino Boloto

The article considers new data regarding the Koptyaky culture, obtained on the territory of Tyumen Low Tobol basin from investigations of the settlement of Osíkino Boloto. Subject to introduction into a scientific circulation being data on constructional features of dwellings and specificity of pottery industry. Resulting from technical and technological analysis of the pottery, subject to specification being traditions of selection and preparation of initial plastic raw material, making of molding compounds, designing vessels, processing articlesí surfaces, and baking.

yumen Low Tobol basin, settlement of Osíkino Boloto, the Koptyaky culture, dwellings, pottery, technical and technological analysis, ornamentation.

 

Agapov S.A., Degtyareva A.D., Kuzminykh S.V.

Őetal industry in the Ňast zone of bead pottery culture community

The article describes mining and metallurgical industry in the East Asian zone of bead pottery culture community in the late Bronze Age. In the system of Eurasian metallurgical province the key role in the production of copper, tin and gold belonged to mining and metallurgical regions and centres of the Urals, Altai, and Kazakhstan. A morphological and typological description regarding the inventory of the East zone of bead pottery culture community (over 800 items) made it possible to specify types of articles common for the whole territory of the Eurasian metallurgical province (EAMP), as well as the types specific for certain centres. Subject to specification being three basic formulae of alloys ó tin bronzes, tin-arsenic bronzes, and ępureĽ copper, as well as the uniformity of technological methods in the metal working of the Asian zone within the EAMP. The local features in the development of metal industry in certain regions enabled us specifying three basic centres in the Asian zone of the bead pottery culture community, namely, two metallurgical centres ó the Saryarkinsky and Altai ones, and one metal working centre  ó the Semirechye one.

History of metal industry, Urals, Kazakhstan, Altai, Semirechye, the Alekseyevo and Sargary culture, metallurgic groups, industrial technology, places of metal industry and metal working.

 

Őyznikov S.ņ., Kosinskaya L.L., Stefanov V.I.

he ancient settlement of Savkinsky Rechka 1: new data on the Bronze Age in the middle taiga Low Obí basin

Subject to introduction into a scientific circulation being data obtained under excavations of the ancient settlement of Savkinsky Rechka 1 in the lower course of the Vakh river. The analogies to different categories of the inventory make it possible to correlate the investigated dwelling object with antiquities of the Kouljogan type from Surgut Low Obí basin. A chronological position of the site is determined in the horizon of the early Bronze taiga cultures. Of a particular value being reliable evidences of the local metal working discovered in the dwelling.  

Middle taiga Low Obí basin, the Vakh river, ancient settlement, pottery, stone inventory, metal wor-king, Kouljogan complexes, Bronze Age, radiocarbon data.

 

Zimina O.Yu., Kostomarov V.M., Tsembalyuk S.I.

aleoeconomics of the population from obol and Ishim basin at the turn of the Bronze and Iron Ages

The article is devoted to economic activity of the population from the interfluve of the Tobol and Ishim rivers at the turn of the Bronze and Iron Ages. Subject to consideration being main tendencies in the economic deve-lopment of the population in the post-Andronovo time and transition from the Bronze to early Iron Age.

Paleoeconomics, late Bronze Age, transition from the Bronze to Iron Age, the Cherkaskul culture, the Pakhomovo culture, the Suzgun culture, the Itkul culture, the Baitovo culture.