Razhev D.I.

Crania traumas with medieval population of West Siberia: expansion, structure, interpretations

The undertaken investigation, basing on a sampling of 204 crania distinguished by gender, chronological and local characteristics, managed to manifest specific features and structural elements of craniotraumatism with medieaval population from taiga zone of West Siberia. Injuries were registered with 7 % of the crania. With males, traumas were observed several times more often than with females. The dominant number of injuries falls on a period of early Middle Ages for which their number approximates 12 %, involving both males and females. During late Middle Ages level of traumatism was reduced to 1 %, while injuries were detected exceptionally with males. Mortal injuries were detected only with males, and only during early Middle Ages. The author selected 4 types of intentional injuries differing in methods of application as well as in cultural and historical interpretation, determi-ning their chronological dynamics and local variability.

West Siberia, taiga zone, Middle Ages, cranium, traumas.


╩Ózarnitsky ..

Craniology with population of the Babino culture

The article is devoted to description of craniometrical data with bearers of the Babino archaeological culture. A correlation with craniological series of East European middle and late Bronze Age testifies to similarity of representatives of the Babino culture with other post catacomb steppe populations of the Lolino culture and the Krivoluksky culture group, as well as to considerable participation of descendants of East European cultures of corded pottery into development of the Babino population.

Physical anthropology, craniology, the Babino culture, post catacomb cultures, archaeology, Bronze Age.