BULLETIN OF ARCHAEOLOGY, ANTHROPOLOGY AND ETHNOGRAPHY ¹ 2 (25) (2014)
Shirobokov I.G., Yushkova M.A.
Anthropological materials of collective burials from Malli stone burial site with enclosures, in accordance with rituals of cremation and inhumation (after excavation results of 2010)
The publication is devoted to studying skeleton remains from excavations-2010 of Malli burial site belonging to the culture of stone burial sites with enclosures. The archaeological materials of the site date back to two stages — the early Roman time and the third quarter of I millennium A.D. Subject to identification being remains of at least 12 persons buried in accordance to the ritual of cremation, and those of other 12 — to the ritual of secondary inhumation. They discovered a relation between location of slightly burnt and unburnt bones and findings of the Roman time, and between big accumulations of calcined bones and findings of Merovingian time.
Cremation, inhumation, secondary burials, time of the Roman influence, Merovingian time, Baltics, Izhora Hills.
Komarov S.G., Kitov Ye.P.
The population of Volga-Urals interfluve during the Golden Horde time (after materials from Mokrinsky I burial site)
The article is devoted to studying craniological series of the Golden Horde time, obtained from excavating Mokrinsky I in West Kazakhstan Oblast, the Republic of Kazakhstan. A nomadic group to have left the series was characterized by Mongoloid features in the anatomy of the skull. A comparative analysis of the male and female crania demonstrated the existence of the common morphological complex for both males and females buried in the site. The population of Volga-Urals interfluve represented by the investigated crania, after a combination of racial features, was a group with most strongly marked Mongoloid features on a scale of East Europe steppe zone under the sway of the Golden Horde.
Paleoanthropology, craniology, Golden Horde, nomads, Volga-Urals interfluve.
Svyatova Ye.O., Razhev D.I.
Analysis of intragroup variability of craniological series from Russian Orthodox cemeteries of Ural towns
The paper presents results of intragroup analysis of craniological materials originating from Russian urban Orthodox cemeteries of XVII — early XX cc. on the territory of the Middle and South Urals. As part of the genera-lized sampling, subject to identification and analysis being three reliably differing morphological groups of ingenious origin. The first morphological group is presented by crania of Caucasian look, the second one — by Caucasian crania with an admixture of Mongoloid features, while the third one — by mixed Caucasian-and-Mongoloid type.
Russians, urban population, Urals, craniology, intragroup analysis, population, anthropological type.