BULLETIN OF ARCHAEOLOGY, ANTHROPOLOGY AND ETHNOGRAPHY  Ļ 2 (25)  (2014)

Ethnology  

 

Bagashev A.N., Fyodorov R.Yu.

Historical-and-ethnographic aspects of life with regard to Byelorussian peasants-the-migrants in the Far East

The article is devoted to historical-and-ethnographic investigations with regard to life of Byelorussian peasants migrated into the territory of the Far East in the late XIX ó early ’’ century. The paper considers assimilation processes and preservation of certain elements of ethnocultural identity with the migrants.

Byelorussian migrants, Byelorussians in the Far East, agrarian migrations, traditional Byelorussian culture, ethnocultural interactions.

 

Nedzelyuk T.G.

Formation of a confessional community of Siberian Catholics in 1830 Ė 1917

The article is devoted to formation of a confessional community of Siberian Catholics under mass migration from west regions of the empire to the east. The investigation source basis is constituted by statistic data. Using methods of content-analysis, method of aggregating indexes, together with methods of analysis and synthesis, the author comes to a conclusion on a progressive increasing a share of Catholics in the population of Siberia from 1830 to 1917. The mass migration was due to both political and social-economic reasons.

Confessional community of Siberian Catholics, composition and number of the population, demographic characteristics, political exile, economic migrations.

 

Chernova I.V.

On certain cultural characteristics of Polish migrants from West Siberia in ’’ c.

Basing of field ethnographic materials and household books of Village Councils from certain areas of Omsk, Novosibirsk and Tomsk Oblast, subject to a description being certain elements of material and spiritual culture with Polish population from West Siberia, the extent and reasons of their preservation / transformation under social-and-cultural and economic adaptation of the Polish migrants to Siberian conditions throughout XX c.

Poles of West Siberia, material and spiritual culture, economy, adaptation.

 

Stepanova O.B.

North Selkups:  A system of traditional views in the reflection of an interview

The article considers a system of traditional world outlook with North Selkups through the prism of a talk with an informant, revealing its certain unknown elements. The analysis of the interview makes it possible to draw a conclusion on the extent of preservation of traditional culture with North Selkups.

North Selkups, traditional world outlook, traditional culture, folklore texts, rites, field materials, ethnography.

 

Golubkova O.V.

Holy places in a system of world outlook with the Obí Komi: traditions, innovations and archetype

Reverence of holy places with Finno-Ugric peoples is noted for strongly pronounced forms. Upon settling in the basin of the Low Obí, in the vicinity of Khanty and Mansi, the Izhma Komi (to have formed the Obí Komi ethnic areal group) tried to show their  originality, without vanishing in the alien ethnic environment. One could trace two basic tendencies in the interaction field of the Obí Komi with nature, with the local Ugric population, as well as with gods and holy places of the Obí Ugrians. On the one hand, upon their migration across the Urals, the Izhma Komi tried to develop the new territory, denoting it as their own space. In the first place, it was Christianity (in its folk interpretation) that served such marker. A landscape-and-mythological border, delimiting its space, was often marked by worship and votal crosses. On the other hand, the Obí Komi often recognized prohibitions connected with visiting Khanty and Mansi cultic places, avoiding  wrath of their gods and spirits ó the land protectors of the north Low Obí basin. Thus, the Obí Komi recognized the holy places of the Obí Ugrians, including those into their mythology.

he Obí Komi, mythology, traditional culture, myth-making, holy places, sacral marking of the space, folk Christianity.

 

Bardina R.K., Bogordayeva A.A.

Trends in womenswear regarding the Middle Obí costume complex with Obí Ugrians after photos of 1930-1970

Basing on analysis of a photo collection from family archives of Obí Ugrians, subject to consideration being a transformation process regarding a traditional womenís costume and trends in its use through 1930Ė1970. It is determined that transformation of the wear followed the course of complicating its ornaments and reducing the area of their location. The trends in using a traditional costume lay in its gradual transition from a category of everyday wear into that of festive one.

Khanty, Mansi, the Middle Obí costume complex, traditional wear, traditional ornaments, application work, beadwork, traditional leather footwear, knitted stockings, knitted mittens, ethnographic source, old photo.