BULLETIN OF ARCHAEOLOGY, ANTHROPOLOGY AND ETHNOGRAPHY ¹ 3 (26) (2014)
German P.V., Kazakova Ye.A.
New materials on the Tsepanskaya culture of North Priangarye (burial 13 from Sergushkin-3 burial ground)
The article cites investigation results regarding a burial of the early Iron Age from North Priangarye (burial 13 from Sergushkin-3 burial ground). The authors give a detailed description of archaeological and anthropological material. Using a craniometric analysis, they determined a Mongoloid anthropological type of the buried person. By analogy with famous North Angara complexes, the burial was attributed to the Tsepanskaya culture. Regar-ding the most stable component of the Tsepanskaya burials — i.e. horny clips — they registered a broad range of analogies from North-West Siberia. Basing on the obtained radiocarbon date together with an iron finding in the grave, burial 13 from Sergushkin-3 burial ground was dated by IV–II cc. B.C.
North Priangarye, early Iron Age, the Tsepanskaya culture, burial.
Paleoanthropological series from Tanaj-12 burial ground and genesis of the population of the Korchazhkinskaya culture from Kuznetsk basin
The article is devoted to studying genesis of the population of the Korchazhkinskaya culture from Kuznetsk basin, basing on craniological and odontological characteristics of the series from Tanaj-12 burial ground. The author comes to a conclusion on a possible participation in its formation of the Andronoid population from Tomsk Low Ob’ basin, migrated to the territory of Kuznetsk basin under pressure of an unfavourable demographic situation.
Òhe Korchazhkinskaya culture, late Bronze Age, craniology, odontology.
Changing of a gene pool with northern populations: «the dawn of ethnoses» or formation of a new adaptive group?
An intensive inter-ethnic mixing of northern native population could be treated both as a threat to the existence of historically shaped gene complexes and a favourable process leading to enriching and increasing the diversity of the gene pool. The problem being considered in terms of concepts of «economic genotype» and «framing of niches», by the example of APOE, LCT and VDR genes. It is suggested that the native northern peoples of Russia being object to formation of a metabolic complex adequately meeting requirements of new living conditions and nutrition.
Native population, economic genotype, framing of niches, sickness rate, APOE, LCT, VDR, lactase, vitamin D.