BULLETIN OF ARCHAEOLOGY, ANTHROPOLOGY AND ETHNOGRAPHY ¹ 3 (26) (2014)
Cattle production in wild areas of south taiga: the experience of new settlers from the Middle Low Irtysh basin in the first half of ÕÕ c.
The article considers contents and mechanism of adaptation processes in the cattle production economy with new settlers (Russians, Chuvashes, Poles) from south taiga territories remote from the main river arteries. Subject to introduction being questions of animals’ delivery, fodder supplies, protection from blood-sucking insects, presence of wild animals, home veterinary medicine, care of breeding bulls. The author comes to a conclusion on an important role of the peasant cattle production in the shaping of an economically reliable household complex which ultimately became the common one both for settlers and local northern peoples.
Ņaiga cattle-breeding, new settlers, economic adaptation, Demyanka, Turtas, Middle Low Irtysh basin.
Particulars of traditional wedding ceremonies with Siberian Tartars from the south of Tyumen Oblast
Basing on analysis of field materials, subject to consideration being a traditional wedding complex with Siberian Tartars from the south of Tyumen Oblast including match making, wedding and post-wedding rites, disclosing the meaning of certain rituals. Subject to enumeration being terms of kinship and in-law relations, quoting pro-verbs and sayings reflecting family-and-conjugal relations.
Siberian Tartars, rite, ritual, match making, bride-wealth, marriage portion, wedding, terms of kinship and in-law relations, proverbs, sayings.
Ethnic markers in wedding rites with Tartars from the Republic of Bashkortostan
Subject to description being traditional markers and archaic notions in wedding rites with Tartars from the Republic of Bashkortostan in the late XIX — early XX c., their symbols and importance. Beliefs and magic notions of traditional wedding rites with Tartar people being rooted into ethnogenesis of Turk-language peoples, though in the modern high tech and industrial society they have lost their importance.
Åthnic markers, wedding rites with Tartars, archaic notions, ethnogenesis.
The thread connecting the worlds (on the embodiment of the idea of the universal link in the myth-and-ritual tradition of Siberian shamanism)
The article asserts the key value of an archetypical idea of the universal link in the model of the universe in Siberian shamanism. Subject to analysis being notions embodied in a mythological image of the thread connecting the worlds. The author comes to a conclusion that this idea being meaningful in the development of shaman’s world outlook where visible and invisible images of the thread tend to connect a shaman with the world of spirits and the world of people, symbolizing his special ability to restore broken relations.
Shamanism, thread, hair, soul, life.
Funeral rites with settlers from Byelorussia – Russian old- believers and Byelorussians in XX – early XXI century
The paper is devoted to a comparative-historical investigation regarding Russian old-believers — settlers from Byelorussia in early ÕÕ c., basing on materials of funeral rites. The investigation is made on the basis of new field data obtained by expedition-2013 undertaken together with Byelorussian scientists — ethnographers and folklorists. The published data allowed to demonstrate certain local features of funeral rites with the said group against other old-believers’ groups from Siberia, Urals and European Russia, tracing the mutual influence on the part of their neighbours — Orthodoxal Byelorussians.
Funeral rites of East Slavic peoples from West Siberia, inter-ethnic mutual influences, local traditions of Russian old-believers and Byelorussians from Vasyugan area, funeral repast.
Agapov M.G., Poplavsky R.O., Cheryepanov M.S.
Sociocultural communities under (de)modernization
The article proposes concept frames regarding the investigation of sociocultural communities as agent of (de)modernization. A starting point of our arguments is a theory of cultural modernization by R. Inglehart — Chr. Wel-zel according to which changes in cultural sphere represent an intermediate mechanism, linking changes in socioeconomic and political spheres. Sociocultural communities are defined as communications in connection with formulating patterns of perception and evaluation of the surrounding world. In the analytical respect, what serve connecting links of (de)modernization and sociocultural communities being forms of social capital, the character of relations in the community, and producing/reproducing patterns and ideals.
Ą theory of cultural modernization by Š. Inglehart — Chr. Welzel, sociocultural communities, social capital.