BULLETIN OF ARCHAEOLOGY, ANTHROPOLOGY AND ETHNOGRAPHY ¹ 1 (28) (2015)
Bersenyeva N.A., Yepimakhov A.V., Noskevich V.V., Fyodorova N.V.
Capabilities of synthesizing geophysical and archaeological information in the interpretation of excavation results (by the example of the Bronze Age settlement of Kamenny Ambar)
The article represents results of excavations and geophysical investigations at the Bronze Age settlement of Kamenny Ambar. They undertook correlation of the magnetic and GPR data with the excavation results. Using geophysical methods during excavations allows to increase the interpretation reliability of anomalies, connecting those with specific structures of archaeological sites. Subject to presentation being a reconstruction version of the settlement’s life history.
Bronze Age, archaeology of settlements, the Sintashta culture, fortification, archaeological geophy-sics, magnetic observation, ground penetrating radar (GPR).
Kovtun I.V., Neskorov A.V.
The chronology and mythology of Andronian vessels with square mouth
The paper presents the most comprehensive summary of uncommon Andronian vessels with square mouth. Basing on the radiocarbon dating from different territories of the Andronian area which gave suchlike dishes, as well as on certain metal articles and parallels in the Andronoid complexes, also on the conjugation with a tradition of roller ornamentation, the authors propose a probable absolute chronology of the Andronian pottery with square mouth. Subject to consideration being a problem of semantics and purpose of these vessels. By analogy with dog-sledge parallels and Ob-Ugrian ornamental correspondences, subject to reconstruction being the involvement of the Andronian vessels with square mouth in the myth-and-calendar ritualism as well as performance of the New Year festivities associated with the contents of the basic myth.
Andronian vessels, analogies, chronology, myth-and-calendar ritualism, dog-sledge, the Ob Ugrians, semantics of ornamentation, basic myth.
Batarshev S.V., Sergusheva Ye.A., Moreva O.L., Dorofeyeva N.A., Krutykh Ye.B.
The settlement of Olga-10 in the South-East Primorye: new materials to a discussion on the Margaritovka archaeological culture
The article considers topical problems of studying the Margaritovka archaeological culture in Primorye. Ba-sing on the investigations of materials from the settlement of Olga-10, subject to development being technical-morphological and typological criteria of the Margaritovka culture. The authors substantiate a chronological and stadial position of the Margaritovka complexes, drawing a conclusion on their belonging to a period of early paleometal. A strong emphasis is made on studying seeds of cultivated plants from the settlement of Olga-10, and a role of agriculture in the sustainment of the bearers of the Margaritovka culture.
Åarly paleometal, the Margaritovka culture, typology, chronology, periodization, agriculture, Primorye, Far East.
Yudina Ye. A.
The arrangement of the entrance-exit in dwellings of the Kulyogan cultural type as an element of a house-building tradition
By the example of sites of the Kulyogan cultural type, subject to consideration being a potential of using a planigraphic analysis for distribution of pottery fragments as an additional information source for reconstruction of residential layout elements. The author outlines ways of searching the local variations within the suggested cultural stereotype.
Òhe Kulyogan cultural type, Bronze Age, planigraphic analysis, house-building tradition, dwelling, inner layout, arrangement of the entrance-exit, local cultural differences.
«Symbolic» burials with early medieval Turks from Altai-and-Sayan region
The article presents the experience of summarizing data on «symbolic» burials with early medieval Turks from Altai-and-Sayan region. Subject to a detailed description being a tradition of making cenotaphs, specifying variants of such objects. Particular types of «symbolic» burials include «ritual» mounds which basic characteristic was making a common mound with no burial chamber underneath, as well as certain stone enclosures. The concentration of these objects during the early development stages of the Turkic culture reflects a process of deve-loping traditions in funeral rites with nomads in the late V — VI c. B.C.
Åarly Middle Ages Turks, Altai-and-Sayan region, «symbolic» burials, cenotaphs, «ritual» mounds, enclosures.
Borzunov V.A., Chemyakin Yu.P.
The Karym pottery from the taiga Low Ob’ basin
The article gives a description of four types of the Karym pottery. Three of them (I, II, IV) keep on a deve-lopment trend of the local Kulaj dishes, while one of those (III) being probably connected with the penetration of hunters-fishermen groups from East Siberia into the taiga Low Ob’ basin. The paper established the difference between the pottery from the north and south Karym territories. The specificity of the Karym materials from the south taiga zone was due to influence upon the migrants from the north by the culture of the local forest-steppe population.
West Siberia, taiga, early Middle Ages, the Karym stage, pottery.
Agricultural occupations of Tobolsk dwellers in XVII c. (after materials of archaeological investigations)
Agriculture played an important role in the sustainment of the Russian migrants in West Siberia. Basing on materials of archaeological investigations from Tobolsk, the article attempts to describe the conditions of rise and development of animal husbandry, crop farming and flour milling in XVII c. Using new data allowed to clarify certain details in the social and economic life of the ancient Siberian capital.
Tobolsk, XVII c., agriculture, animal husbandry, crop farming, crooked scythe, wooden plow, millstones.