BULLETIN OF ARCHAEOLOGY, ANTHROPOLOGY AND ETHNOGRAPHY ¹ 1 (28) (2015)
Kufterin V.V., Yevteyev A.A., Nikiforovsky Yu.A., Chetverikov S.I.
A probable case of chronic osteomyelitis basing on the anthropological material of the Golden Horde time
The paper presents results of a paleopathological investigation regarding a skeleton (female, age 16–18/20) of the Golden Horde time from Boldyrevsky ground burial (Saratov Low Volga basin). A pathomorphological and radiological investigation of the samples, as well as a differential diagnostics allowed to propose the diagnosis of a nonspecific thigh osteomyelitis in chronic form. The described case could be regarded as typical both in the localization and morphology of the pathological changes.
Òhe Golden Horde, Saratov Low Volga basin, Boldyrevsky ground burial, paleopathology, differential diagnostics, chronic osteomyelitis.
The investigation of shape variations in acanthae of human cervical vertebrae basing on the osteological data of Caucasians in XVIII–XX cc.
The paper considers the influence of sex and geographical origin upon the frequency of acanthae bifurcation in human cervical vertebrae. The author undertook the correlation of the frequency occurrencies of this character in four osteological series of Caucasians, attracting literature data. It is shown that the bifurcation of acanthae was registered somewhat oftener with male cervical vertebrae compared with females. The paper justifies a race diagnostic value of this character for dividing groups of the Caucasian and equatorial origin under investigating the complex of Ñ3–Ñ5 vertebrae.
Ðaleoanthropology, morphology of human skeleton, cervical vertebrae, variants of vertebra structure, geographic variation.
Sarmatians of Romania according to anthropological data
The presented article considers paleoanthropological materials relating to Sarmatians of Romania. The ar-ticle is a historiographic investigation giving a review of the Romanian anthropological literature on presence of Sarmatians on the territory of Romania. In the domestic anthropology the investigation stays the first attempt dealing with presence of Sarmatians on the territory of Romania. The Sarmatians of Romania were extremely mixed in the anthropological respect. They included both purely Causasian crania and those with a slight Mongoloid admixture. Certain Sarmatians of Romania practised artificial head deformation. One of the crania from among the Romanian Sarmatians manifested traces of trepanation. The anthropological types of Romanian Sarmatians were similar to those from Low Don, the Ukraine, and Low Volga basin. In the anthropological respect, the Sarmatians from Romania (with artificially deformed crania) stayed closest to those from Low Don. The Sarmatians of Romania included a considerable Alan component.
Romania, Low Don, the Sarmatians, the Alans, anthropological types, artificial deformation of the skull, trepanation.