BULLETIN OF ARCHAEOLOGY, ANTHROPOLOGY AND ETHNOGRAPHY ¹ 3 (30) (2015)
Ilyushina V.V., Yen'shin D.N.
Pottery industry with population of the Kozlov culture from Mergen' 7 settlement
The article considers a pottery complex of the Kozlov culture from Mergen' 7 settlement on the territory of the Low Ishim basin, in terms of methods of manufacturing dishes. Resulting from technical and technological analysis, subject to identification being pottery traditions of the settlement population. Basing on the undertaken analysis and correlation of the obtained data with the available data complex on the cross-border regions, they consider vectors of cultural and economic relations of the Kozlov population.
Low Ishim basin, Mergen' 7 settlement, Kozlov culture, vessel of «Makhandjarsky-and-Atbasarsky» look, pottery, technical and technological analysis.
Kaliyeva S.S., Logvin V.N.
The first dwelling from Pykhty I settlement
The article is devoted to introduction into academic circulation of excavation materials of a dwelling from Pykhty I Neolithic settlement. The authors describe the dwelling's constructive remains, tools, giving a statistical characteristic of the pottery collection. Subject to foundation being belonging of the settlement to a circle of sites of the Bystrinsky culture.
late Stone Age, Surgut Low Ob' basin, Bystrinsky culture, dating, ornament, tool complex.
Polidovich Yu.B., Usachuk À.N., Tsimidanov V.V.
Scrolls in ornamentation of the Timber-GRAVE culture
Subject to consideration being semantics of one of the symbols of the Timber-grave culture — namely, of a scroll. Departing from parallels found in pictorial traditions of different peoples, the authors assume that in the ornamentation of the Timber-grave culture scrolls designated sheep horns and, accordingly, could code notions associated with that animal — fertility, sexual potency, luck, wealth, health, generosity, etc.
timber-grave culture, pottery, ornament, semantics.
Degtyareva À.D., Neskorov À.V.
Rostovka buried treasure of bronze tools of the Bronze Age (cultural interpretation)
Subject to introduction into academic circulation being Rostovka buried treasure of bronze articles found by Rostovka village, Omsk Oblast'. A cultural belonging of articles from Rostovka, Predgornensky and, probably, Sokuluksky 2 buried treasures could be most likely associated with the Fedorovskaya culture, testified by the facts of obtaining sickles with bushes in burial and settlement complexes with Fedorovskaya pottery on the territory of East and Central Kazakhstan, Altai, and Low Tobol basin. The Rostovka complex, as besides also Predgornensky, Tyupsky, and Sokuluksky 2 buried treasures, should be attributed to a coexistence period of the Fedorovskaya and Alexeyevsko-Sargary cultures, i.e. to XV–XIV cc. B.C. The analytically investigated Low Irtysh buried treasures demonstrated quite a unified and developed methods of non-ferrous metal working — a quality solid casting of tin bronzes in one-sided and two-sided casting forms, as well as a skill to soften metal, increasing its ductility under long diffusion annealings.
Buried treasure, Bronze Age, bronze tools, Low Irtysh basin, Semirechye, Fedorovskaya culture.
Glushkova T.N., Masluzhenko D.N., Ryabinina Ye.A.
Textile materials from burial sites of the early Iron Age and Middle Ages from the forest-steppe Low Tobol basin
The article is devoted to analysis of textile materials from burial sites of the forest-steppe Low Tobol basin dated back to the early Iron Age (the Sakskaya and Sargatka cultures), and to Middle Ages. Those embrace a period from VII–VI cc. B.C. up to XII c. A.D. The obtained fragments of textile being clothing remnants or parts of bags and quivers. The obtained materials are correlated with textile from neighbouring regions. They reflect both local specificity of textile industry, and south import (silk materials of different quality and woolen cloth of only high quality).
Òextile materials, burial sites of Iron Age, forest-steppe Low Tobol basin.
Borzunov V.A., Chemyakin Yu.P.
A material complex and a dating problem of the Karym stage of the taiga Low Ob' basin
The article presents a general and individual description of articles, characterizing the Karym stage (culture) of the taiga Low Ob' basin. They determined difference in the object complex from the north and south Karym territories. The specificity of the Karym materials from the south taiga zone was determined by a cultural influence from local forest and steppe population upon migrants from the north. The analysis of metal articles and imported glass beads, as well as the results of radiocarbon tests allowed to specify the dating of the Karym stage: the border of III/IV — early VI c. A.D.
West Siberia, taiga, early Middle Ages, Karym stage, tools, arms, decorations.
A pottery complex from Pesyanka-1 bone bed (on chronology and periodization of the Yudino culture)
The paper gives a description of a pottery complex from Pesyanka-1 bone bed of the Yudino culture. Basing on analysis of materials of medieval sites from basins of Tura, Iset' and Tavda rivers, the author considers chronology and periodization of the Yudino culture. A chronological position of the Yudino culture is determined within limits of VII (possibly, late VI) — XIII cc. A.D. A smooth flow of Molchanovo ornamental traditions into Yudino ones allowed to treat complexes of VII–IX cc. A.D. as an early (Molchanovo) stage of the Yudino culture.
Åearly and developed Middle Ages, Yudino culture, chronology, periodization, Pesyanka-1 bone bed.
Borisenko À.Yu., Khudyakov Yu.S.
Evidences of Europeans of XV – early XVIII cc. on cultural distinctions of Turkic and Mongolian nomads in West and South Siberia
The article considers evidences from writings of the Europeans showing interest in North Asian region during the late Middle Ages and early New Time, which contain certain data on distinctions of traditional cultures with Turkic and Mongolian nomads on the territory of West and South Siberia. The Europeans were attracted into North Asia by prospects for development of fur trading and searching new trade routes into China and India. Their writings contain certain data on economic activities, material and spiritual culture, and military arts of Turkic and Mongolian peoples. Initially, data on Siberian ethnoses was collected by members of diplomatic missions from different European countries in Moscow. Later on, more reliable data was collected by the Europeans in the Russian service in North Asia. The most valuable information on cultures of Turkic and Mongolian peoples of Siberia was obtained by participants of the first scientific expedition in the early XVIII c. The data by the Europeans serve an important supplement to Russian written sources and ethnographic materials on cultural distinctions of nomadic ethnoses, populating northern regions of Central Asia.
West and South Siberia, Tartars, West Mongols, Russians, Europeans, data, distinctions of a traditional culture.