BULLETIN OF ARCHAEOLOGY, ANTHROPOLOGY AND ETHNOGRAPHY ╣ 3 (30) (2015)
Khodzhajov T.╩., Khodzhajova G.╩.
On formation of an anthropological composition of the Kirghiz
Subject to consideration being craniological materials belonging to the Kirghiz. Studying and correlation of those with synchronous series from Middle Asia, Kazakhstan, Transurals, West and East Siberia, and Mongolia showed that the formation of an anthropological look of the Kirghiz was shared by Saka and Wusun from Tianshan and Alay, tribes from Altai and Kuznetsk basin, Turki and Uigurs from Tuva, Khakassia, and also źYenisei╗ Kirghiz. A basic complex of features typical for the Kirghiz was formed during Turkic and Karakhanid ages in the south Issyk Kul region, as well as in Alay, Talas and Chui valleys.
Ďhe Kirghiz, ethnos, craniological complex, antiquity, Middle Ages, modern age.
Kishkurno ╠.S., Zubova └.V.
Craniology of bearers of the Upper Ob' variant of the Kamenskaya culture after materials of Verkh-Suzun-5 burial site
The paper is aiming at introduction of craniological series from Verkh-Suzun-5 burial site into academic circulation, and consideration of its morphological distinctions against the background of population from the south part of West Siberian Plain and Altai-Sayan Mountains during the early Iron Age. The authors come to a conclusion on heterogeneity of this series. In its composition, one could distinguish a component of a Mongoloid origin with a highly flat facial cranial part, as well as a complex tending to Caucasian variants connected in its genesis with bearers of cultural traditions of the Andronovo community.
Kamenskaya culture, early Iron Age, paleoanthropology, craniology, Verkh-Suzun-5 burial site, Scythian time, West Siberia.
The population of the Golden Horde Khadzhi-Tarkhan town after craniological data
The article is devoted to studying cranial series of the Golden Horde time, obtained as a result of excavations in 1874 at Sharinny hillock and in Streltsy suburb Ś an archaeological site correlated with Khadzhi-Tarkhan town in the lower reaches of Volga. The basis of a craniological structure of the population represented by the investigated series is formed by a Caucasian component, mainly with racial distinctions of the Middle Asian interfluve. The intragroup comparative analysis showed that residents of Khadzhi-Tarkhan town and the majority of other Golden Horde towns from the Low Volga basin were morphologically quite alike.
đaleoanthropology, craniology, Golden Horde, Low Volga basin.