BULLETIN OF ARCHAEOLOGY, ANTHROPOLOGY AND ETHNOGRAPHY ¹ 3 (30) (2015)
Ethnic ecology of Mansi sacred places
The article proposes considering the phenomenon of Mansi sacred places as an important aspect of ethnic ecosystem. The author tried to present certain relations connecting the Mansi sacred places with other components of the ecosystem (a sociocultural system, as interpreted by E. Wolf). Subject to demonstration being an active role in the shaping of ecological relations played by the sacred places in the environment of northern indigenous peoples.
Åthnic ecology, native residents, Mansi, sacred places.
The Selkups from Sovrechka village
The article is devoted to a problem of subethnic and ethnic affiliation regarding a small group of the Selkups residing in the vicinity of Sovrechka village in the north-west of Turukhansk District, Krasnoyarsk Krai, on the border side with Tyumen Oblast', being mixed with the Evenk population dominating here in size. Resulting from an undertaken investigation, it was established as follows. Firstly: the Selkups from Sovrechka, due to their geographical location and a number of cultural distinctions, would be more properly referred not to the Turukhansk (Baikha) Selkups, but to the Taz ones. Secondly: the opinion on the total assimilation of this group by the local and more numerous Evenks is erroneous. The Sovrechka Selkups tend to preserve their ethnic identity. Processes of assimilation and cultural influence among the mixed Selkup and Evenk population of Sovrechka do occur, but not so actively, as it would appear. These processes proceed in two reverse directions, and the influence of the Selkups on the Evenks stays at least highly competitive with that of the Evenks on the Selkups.
Selkups, identity, assimilation, cultural distinctions, reindeer breeding,
Vavlyo Nenyang (an experience of summarizing materials and compiling a genealogy)
Subject to summarizing and analysis being popular data about Vavlyo Nenyang — a leader of rebellions by the Nenets ans Khanty poor in 1830–1840, published in pre-revolutionary regional editions, historical and ethnographic investigations of the Soviet time, and in fiction. For the first time, basing on archive materials of XVIII–XIX cc. and the newest historical investigations, the author undertook an attempt to compile his genealogy, expressing an opinion on the outlaw character of his rebellions, and establishing a possible location of his exile and death.
Vavlyo Nenyang, Vauli Piettomin, Beryozov, Obdorsk, Samoyeds, Ostyaks, Nenets, Khanty, outlaw, popular hero, genealogy, Karacheya, arrest, exile.
Liskevich N.A., Masharipova A.Kh.
Practices of influencing weather and protection from natural disasters with Komi of West Siberia
The paper presents field materials describing practices of influencing weather and natural disasters with different ethnoareal Komi groups. On the territory of North Transurals the Izhma Komi, whose main occupation was reindeer breeding, used methods of influencing wind and rain, as well as prevention of avalanches. Agricultural Komi groups, inhabiting southern districts in the basins of Tobol and Irtysh, used methods of fighting with drought and triggering rain, or stopping lingering precipitation, withdrawing thunderstorm and whirlwind. Ritual actions were mainly conducted individually, while in cases of natural disasters (fire or drought) all Komi groups used to practice a collective attack. Basic methods included as follows: spells, using sharp objects, watering graves of drowned men, wetting a grave cross, tabooing certain actions, as well as using thanksgiving services, cross processions, church attributes, and others. At present, a meteorololgical magic with the Komi is almost out of practice, and certain methods come to mind only as children's games, though they are still keeping practice to pray for preferable weather.
Komi, meteorololgical magic, popular meteorology, calling rain, calling wind, stopping whirlwind, stopping fire.
Johann Lokkenberg – the last Tomsk pastor
The paper considers a history of Tomsk Lutheran community from the moment of its institutional formation in the second half of XIX century up to late 1920s. Basing on a life example of pastor J.À. Lokkenberg, subject to consideration being a repressive policy of the Soviet state regarding Lutheran pastors during 1920s, resulting in the total destruction of Lutheran church.
Soviet state, Lutheran community, Lutheran church, pastor, religious policy, repressions.
Fyodorov R.Yu., Fisher Ò.À., Petrov S.À.
Sociocultural and psycho-immune aspects of adapting forest Nenets children to urbanized living conditions
The article is devoted to studying an adaptation potential with children of indigenous ethnic minorities of the North under changing of their traditional environment in tundra into urbanized living conditions. The empirical basis of the paper is represented by materials of expeditions undertaken on the territory of Pur District, Yamal-Nenets Autonomous Okrug, on which basis they realized investigations considering, in the integrated correlation, sociocultural and psycho-immune aspects of adapting children of forest Nenets to learning environment in boar-ding schools. The paper supports a hypothesis that social, psychological and physiological adaptation mechanisms in a life support system of an individual constitute a unified response mechanism to changes of both endo- and exo-factors.
Indigenous ethnic minorities of the North, forest Nenets, integrated anthropological investigations, sociocultural adaptation, psycho-immune processes, ethnopsychology, adaptation mobility, ethnocultural interactions.