BULLETIN OF ARCHAEOLOGY, ANTHROPOLOGY AND ETHNOGRAPHY  ╣ 4 (31)  (2015)

└nthropology

 

Sviridov .., Vasilyev S.V.

Three skulls from Melanesia (Loyalty Islands) with holes in a brain skull: trepanation, genetic pathology or infection?

The paper presents an attempt to interpret the defects identified at the three sculls natives of the Loyalty Islands (Melanesia). During the description of the anomalies used guidelines of domestic and foreign researchers. From our point of view, the holes in the cerebral department considered the skulls have different origins: trepanation, an enlarged parietal foramen (genetic pathology) and the destruction of the bones of the cranial vault, caused by an infection.

 đaleopathology, Melanesia, the Loyalty Islands, trepanation, enlarged parietal foramen.

 

Zubova A.V., Kubareva G.V.

Craniological characteristic of Early Medieval population from Gorny Altai after materials from Kudyirge burial ground

The article considers craniological materials from Kudyirge burial ground of Turkic time in Gorny Altai. Basing on results of a statistical correlation of the given series with characteristics of simultaneous and chronologically prior population from Gorny Altai, Minusinsk Depression, and Novosibirsk Low Ob basin, the authors come to a conclusion on heterogeneity of the population from Gorny Altai in Turkic time, and presence of migrant substrate of the east origin in its composition. The latter dominates within series from Kudyirge, while the Turki of Katanda type are also represented with autochthonous component, running back to Pazyryk groups.

Gorny Altai, Old Turkic Age, Kudyirge, Gorny 10, Osinki, Katanda, craniology, paleoanthropology.

 

Poshekhonova O.Ye., Zubova A.V., Alexeyeva Ye.A.

Craniology, odontology and appearance of North Selkups after materials of Kikki-Akki burial ground

The article presents preliminary results of a detailed investigation of paleoanthropological materials from north Selkup burial ground of XVIIľXIX century in the area of Kikki-Akki settlement. The paper discusses individual distinctions as to craniological status of the buried, introducing into scientific circulation reconstruction results of their appearance and preliminary investigation results of odontologic characteristics. Craniological specificity of the given group brings it together with east Khanty (Vakh river) and south Selkups, especially from northern part of their habitat (Tym river). The appearance of the buried is obviously demonstrated by facial reconstruction after crania. An interesting distinction of the given series stays an increased frequency of archaic forms as to differentiation of lower bicuspids, availability of front fossa and massive middle ridges of a trigonid on the first molars, being markers of deep archaic character. As to later crania, they were recorded with distinctions of influence from Mongoloid odontologic complex of continental origin. 

West Siberia, North Selkups, paleoanthropology, craniology, odontology, appearance, anthropo-logical reconstruction.