BULLETIN OF ARCHAEOLOGY, ANTHROPOLOGY AND ETHNOGRAPHY  ╣ 9  (2009)

└rchaeology

 

V. I. Zakh

COMPLEXES OF MOUND 7 OF CHEPKOUL 9 BURIAL GROUND

The article considers the Early Iron Age materials regarding mound 7 of Chepkoul 9 burial ground on the territory of Andreyevsky lake system in the Tura-and-Pyshma interfluve. The burial complex overlapped the remnants of the Baitovo settlement and was shaped in the space of two stages. Subsequently, the early Sargatka mound, with a burial place in the centre and a small ditch filled with grey sandy loam, was used once again. Judging by the disposition of the graves, with reference to  the central (north-south) axis of the mound as well as to the composition of the implements, one could assume two exogamous groups (the Sargatka and Kashino), as conjugal partners, to be buried under the said mound.

 Key words: the Lower Tobol basin, the Andreyevsky lake system, Chepkoul, mound burial ground, the Sargatka culture, burial rite, pottery, implements.

 

A. D. Degtyareva, O. V. Shuvayeva

BRONZE ORNAMENTS FROM CHEPKOUL 9 BURIAL GROUND

The article presents the results of analytical investigation regarding bronze articles obtained from burial places of mound 7 of Chepkoul 9 burial ground (III century B.C. ľ I century A.D.). The non-ferrous metal was tested using methods of atomic and emission spectrometric analysis and metallographic analysis. The production of the ornaments was marked by use of  unique rare technologies, and application of high-alloy tin bronzes, which was not typical of the local metal working traditions, testifying to the fact of importing these ornaments from eastern areas of West Siberia and Altai.

Key words: The Early Iron Age, West Siberia, spectrometric and metallographic analyses, unique technologies, tin bronzes.

 

S. S. Kaliyeva, V. N. Logvin

BURIAL GROUND NEAR BESTAMAK SETTLEMENT (a preliminary message)

The article introduces into a research circulation the materials from the Sintashta and Petrovka burial ground of Bestamak located in the upper part of the Ubagan river, the right tributary of the Tobol. The comparison of anthropological definitions made by R. Lindstrom with materials on the said burial places allowed to draw a conclusion on the availability of at least two social strata in the Bestamak community.

Key words: Bestamak, the Sintashta, the Petrovka, stratification, mace, ôpsaliasö (ancient bridle plates).

 

I. Yu. Chikunova

POTTERY COMPLEXES OF THE KASHINO CULTURE AT THE SITES OF THE EARLY IRON AGE IN THE TOBOL BASIN

The article is devoted to comparison and identification of characteristics regarding pottery complexes of the Kashino culture from the Early Iron Age sites of the Tobol basin: settlements of Rafailovo, Prygovo, Kolovo and Mullashino Yurty 7.

Key words: The Early Iron Age, the Tobol basin, the Kashino culture, pottery complex.

 

S. N. Skochina

STONE IMPLEMENTS OF THE KOKUJ CULTURE

The paper investigates stone implements from the settlements containing pottery of the Kokuj culture. Subject to identification being certain characteristics describing distinctions of the stone industry and tool collection of the said cultural formation.

Key words: The Lower Ishim basin, the Kokuj culture, stone implements, grinded inserts.

 

Ye. V. Fleck

CROSS-SHAPED PENDANTS OF THE PETROVKA AND ALAKUL CULTURES

The article considers basic types of cross-shaped pendants of the Petrovka and Alakul cultures of the Bronze Age. Basing on typological analysis and technological characteristics, subject to discovery being origin of the said articles within the Petrovka culture, as well as dynamics of their development during the Alakul time. The paper locates the area of spreading of the cross-shaped ornaments including the territory of the Tobol and Ishim basins and North Kazakhstan.

Key words: The Petrovka, Alakul cultures, typology, mapping of the articles, cross-shaped pendants, technological investigation, the Tobol and Ishim basins.