BULLETIN OF ARCHAEOLOGY, ANTHROPOLOGY AND ETHNOGRAPHY ¹ 1 (1997)
Zakh V. A., Matveeva N. P.
Settlement “8th point” at Andreevskoje lake (on correlation of ceramics with various îrnament traditions in neolith in the Tobol basin)
The problems of dating, origin, areals, correlations of neolithic Transural ceramics with different ornamentations are the most debatable. The point of view based on the published materials of the settlement “8-th point” is presented in this paper. The authors made a conclusion on autochthonity of sosnovoostrovsky complexes in a forrest-steppe part of the territory near the Tobol river and on the alien character of boborykinsky complexes. Appearance of mixed complexes combining various traditions (koshkinsky, poludenkovsky) is considered as a result of contacts between native and alien cultures.
Vokhmentsev M. P.
Historico-cultural parallels of Transural sites with circle planning
There are considered three eneolithic memorials with circle remains of constructions on the territory of Tuymen and Kurgan oblast. Their historico-cultural attribution as paleoastronomical places playing at the same time the role of sacred places is given.
Matveev A. V.
On some peculiarities of earlyandronovsky burials with fire traces in the Tobol valley
The evidences of funeral rites with fire have been found during excavations of many andronovsky burials and not only fedorovsky to which they are typical but alakulsky as well. Studying the last materials from Transural let us constatate that in this region cremation and burning in burials were used only for women of different ages. It is interesting that there are many double funerals. Another peculiarity is rich decoration of the deceased, they were well-dressed and with numerous adornments. In case further investigations aprove a non-ocasional character of the stated peculiarities connection of funeral rites, staff of the buried people, their appliances we’ll receive data witnessing not about the reasons of death and not about the special living status of persons having been cremated in the funeral pile or burnt in their graves but that in a hereafter they will play a special role. The answer to the question about the role may be given by further investigation of eskhathological concept of early andronovsky groups.
Zakh V. A.
The many-layered settlement Parom 1 near Salekhard
There are introduced new materials of partially destroyed many-layered settlement Parom 1 dicovered near the town of Salekhard. Thanks to the timely taken protection measures we manage to obtain a valuable source of studying a material culture and nature surroundings of ancient population of western-siberian part beyond the polar circle. On the territory more than 120 square meters there were disclosed the remains of three living objects relating to the epoch of early bronze, 14 points of late bronze period. There were gatherd ceramics and large collection of stone arcticles. There were revealed two main chronological horizons having been formed in different landscape-climatic conditions and dated according to C14 correspondently middle — second half of the II Millenium B. C. and end II — beginning of the I Millenium B. C.
Troitskaya Ò. N.
The torture scenes in Scythian-siberian and hun-sarmatian art
Spreading and manner of description of torture scenes in scythian-siberian and hun-sarmatsky art of wild animals style are analysed. Irregularity of this phenomenon in territorial and chronological aspects is stated. It is connected with the development and spreading of ideology and cultural influence of scythian and hun communities.
Potemkina Ò. Ì., Matveeva N. P.
The Large Bakalsky site of ancient town
This publication is devoted to the eponimic memorial of bakalsky archaeological culture of west-siberian forest-steppe studied by T.M. Potemkina in 1962. This is a triangle-like site of ancient town of the cape type and it is situated on the right bank of the Iset river three kilometers to the south from Shadrinsk, Kurgan oblast. There are fixed the remains of land wooden dwellings with clay daub, complicated fortification consisting of two defence lines: bank and ditch. A logged wall made of cages and additionally faced lengthwise with wood served a base for the internal bank. The cultural layer is week and there are not many findings, among them ceramics prevail. Due to the character of living this site of ancient town may be considered a shelter. It is dated IX-XI centuries A. D.
Mogilnikov V. À.
Late middleages materials from the complex of sites near the village Okunevo in Tarsky part of the Irtysh river(to the problem of Tarsky tatars origin)
The characteristic of funeral rite and appliances of funerals in burial grounds Okunevo 4 and Okunevo 3 dated the end of XVI–XVII centuries is given. The analysis of materials and data of earlier and synchronous funerals allowed to trace back the process of turning into Turkik religion the southkhanty population in Tarsky part near the Irtysh river coinciding with instillation islam in local medium and to solve the problem of local siberian tatars formation.