BULLETIN OF ARCHAEOLOGY, ANTHROPOLOGY AND ETHNOGRAPHY ¹ 11 (2009)
Composition and details of shamanistic cultic attributes with the Vakh Khanty
The article determines composition of shamanistic cultic attributes with the Vakh (the Vakh river) Khanty, including a penzer, a string musical instrument, a beater, anthropomorphic and zoomorphic images of spirits-the-helpers, a cone-like cap made of fabric, soft and metal crowns, a robe, a caftan “made of reindeer hides”, mittens and footwear made of bear hides. Basing on comparative and typological analysis of these articles, subject to determination being specificity of the shamanistic attributes with the Vakh Khanty, lying in combining the articles of the Ob and Ugrian origin, with the articles borrowed from the Selkoups, Khets, and Evenks.
Shamanistic cultic attributes, penzer, beater, string musical instrument, headdress, robe, caftan, mittens, footwear, the Vakh Khanty.
Details of ethnocultural development of the Komi from the settlement of Mouzhi, Shuryshkarsk District, Yamal-Nenets autonomous area
The article considers history of evolution and details of ethnocultural development of the Komi from the settlement of Mouzhi in Shuryshkarsk District, Yamal-Nenets autonomous area in the XXth — early XXstI century. Basing on the analysis of the books regarding item household registration of the population, together with materials of business correspondence and collection of field data, subject to consideration being dynamics of the Komi number, sex-and-age structure, marriage interaction, choice of children’s nationality in mixed marriages, changes in the structure of occupation. The author marks no demand in the sphere of reindeer breeding for the contemporary Komi, indicating loss of many cultural components associated with nomadic life, including terminology.
Komi of north High Urals basin, Izhemets, settlement of Mouzhi, ethnocultural development, Komi occupation, ethnodemographic situation.
Plan of Tyumen at the borderline of the XVIIth–XVIIIth centuries and topography of “Tsar’ fortified settlement” (Chimgi/Tsimgi-Tura)
The article is devoted to analysis of the publications regarding one of the early plans of Tyumen of the late XVIIth — early XVIIIth century, as well as to a more precise definition of the time and circumstances of its origin and probable authorship, possibly connected with a drawing school of S.U. Remezov’s family. Basing on the contents of the plan’s inscriptions and by attracting certain famous plans of Tyumen and descriptions of Chimgi/Tsimgi-Tura fortified settlement of the XVIIIth — mid-XIXth centuries, the author presents the topography of the town and Tsar fortified settlement also called Kuchum) as part of Tsimgi/Tura, supplied with their fortification and parameters. Correlation with the size of the Kremlin and the trading quarter of Tyumen at the early XVIIth and the borderline of the XVIIth–XVIIIth centuries allows to picture a large scale of this archaeological site of the mediaeval Tyumen, now lost.
Plan of Tyumen at the borderline of the XVIIth–XVIIIth centuries, Tyumen Kremlin/town, Òyumen (Chimgi/Tsimgi-Tura, Tsar) fortified settlement, Isker fortified settlement, “Chorographic Book”, S.U. Remezov, G.F. Miller. N.A. Abramov, P.M. Golovachev.
Migration and land-tenure regulations in Tobolsk guberniya in the early XX century
The article considers the legislation basis regarding migration and land-tenure regulations on the lands of Tobolsk guberniya in the early XXth century. The author cites data on summarizing of the migration movement in the Guberniya. Subject to description being activities of the local power authorities as to the land-tenure regulations of the migrants.
Tobolsk guberniya, migration, land-tenure regulations, agricultural help.