BULLETIN OF ARCHAEOLOGY, ANTHROPOLOGY AND ETHNOGRAPHY ¹ 2 (13) (2010)
În Entering of Imported Cloths into the Territory of Mansi Habitation in the XVI-XVIII cc.
The article considers ways and methods of penetration of imported silk, cotton and woolen cloths into the territory of Mansi habitation in the XVI–XVIII cc.
Mansi, sacrifice and ritual clothing, imported cotton, silk and woollen cloths, Tobolsk, Berezovo, Irbit.
Certain Features of Demographic Processes among Nomadic Population from Vitim and Olekma Mines in the First Quarter of XX c.
The article proceeds studying a demographic situation among native minor peoples of the Russian North, basing on data of the Circumpolar census in 1926–1927. The author considers an ethnodemographic situation among nomadic Tungus and Yakut groups inhabiting the territory of gold mining, whose traditional nature management was drastically changed by early XX c. The analysis of the initial sources made it possible to reveal typical demographic features testifying to destruction of traditional links under new economic conditions. One could see a selection of the population ready to observe a traditional mode of life, trying to adapt it to new circumstances, which was inevitably accompanied by impoverishment and marginalization of certain population. Under the new situation, the most vulnerable demographic indexes being sex ratio, leading to disproportion of sex-and-age and marital structures in favour of males, as well as a family composition and size. Such processes could be regarded as common among Northern peoples influenced by an industrial development of XX c.
Åthnodemography, Evenks, Yakuts, native Northern peoples, Circumpolar census.
Population of Tobolsk Bishop House’ Lands, Basing on Census Books of XVII c.
The paper is devoted to studying a composition of peasant population from lands of Tobolsk Bishop House, basing on analysis of census books of XVII century. Subject to description being questions of the population’s migration from Russian North to Trans Urals within the scope of state colonization policy, tracing dynamics in increasing and decreasing of the peasant population’s number, seeing reasons for this. The author ponders on a possible ethnic composition of the peasants from the lands of Tobolsk Bishop House in XVII c.
Census books, outer and inner migration of the lands’ population, dynamics of colonization, groups of monastery peasants.
Liskevich N. À., Ìàsharipova À.Kh.
Woman in Transition Rituals Connected with Traditional Family and Conjugal Rites with Komi from Low Tobol Basin
The article considers different aspects regarding family and conjugal rites connected with birth giving, christening, and wedding with Komi from Low Tobol basin and aiming to provide well-being, fertility, and health for main persons, first of all, women. The paper is based on studying field data of the early XXI c., supplied with metric books’ data from churches of Yalutorovsk Okrug, Tobolsk Guberniya of late XIX — early XX c.
Komi from Low Tobol basin, family and conjugal rites, transition rituals, matchmaking, wedding, birth rites.
Liskevich N. À., Farnosova V.V.
On History of Development of Kazym Komi in the 1920s-1930s
Basing on analysis of field data obtained from archive sources, the article considers the initial stage in the development of Kazym Komi in the 1920s-1930s, including dynamics of their number, social composition, establishment of a collective farm, and marketabilty of reindeer-breeding household.
Komi, Komi-Izhemtsyi, Kazym, collective farm named after Skachko, Kazym recreation centre.
Bagashev À.N., Fedorov R.Yu.
Principles of Settlement and Ethnocultural Processes among Byelorussian Settlers in the Urals and West Siberia
The article generalizes results of expeditionary investigations at the places of dense residence with descendants of Byelorussian settlers of the second half of XIX — early ÕÕ c. on the territory of certain districts in the Urals and West Siberia. Basing on these data, the authors studied correlation between settlement characteristics and interaction with the environment of old residents and other ethnic groups of settlers.
Byelorussians, settlers, agrarian reform, ethnocultural identity, traditional Byelorussian culture in Siberia.
Bogordayeva À.À., Fedorov R.Yu.
Samokhods and Voguls of the North Ural (following data of field investigations in Taborino District, Sverdlovsk Oblast in 2002-2003)
The article quotes data on expeditionary ethnographic investigations regarding history and culture of Samokhodian-and Byelorussian villages in the North Ural. Subject to consideration being details of their household activity, material culture, religious and ritual sphere, supplied with lists of surnames, together with data on Voguls who inhabited here.
Byelorussians, Samokhods, Voguls, North Ural, Sverdlovsk Oblast, Tavda river, household activity, festivals, culture, self-consciousness, borrowings.
Fistfight «Striking Back» as an Important Element in the Contest Applied Culture among Russians of West Siberia in the Second Half of XIX – First Half of XX c.
The article describes history of studying and different approaches in the investigation of fistfight «striking back» in Russia and in the Ukraine in the late 1980s–1990s — early XXI c. Subject to consideration being genesis, functions, evolution, and transformation of this fight, concentrating on studying features thereof among the Russian population of West Siberia and mechanisms of a military upbringing of the Russian people. The fistfight «standing up strokes» was a traditional kind of a contest with Russians. Its origin was connected with checking force of a stroke and courage of fighters, and with fraternization or initiating into a masculine union. The fistfight with striking in turn came into West Siberia together with Russian settlers, bringing their culture into Trans-Urals. An ability to stand up a stroke and adequately meet the challenge developed not only into a physical, but also psychological, moral and spiritual quality. This exercise made a Russian man a fighter on a battle field, in peaceful life, and in a spiritual encounter.
Russian hand-to-hand fighting, Russian fistfight, fistfight «striking back», fistfight «standing up strokes», traditional hand-to-hand contests, technique of hand strokes.
Religious Life as a Form of National Self-Organization of West Siberian Jewish Communities in the Middle of XIX – Early XX c.
The article s devoted to studying religious life of West Siberian Jews in the second half of XIX — early XX c. The paper is aiming to consider creation of Jewish religious communities as the main factor of self-organization with Jewish communities and preservation of their national and religious identity. The article shows a creation process regarding Jewish religious communities, formation of synagogues in towns of the region, specificity of a religious life with the Jews at the remote outskirts of the Russian Empire.
Jews, Siberia, community, Judaism, synagogue, praying house, religious life.