BULLETIN OF ARCHAEOLOGY, ANTHROPOLOGY AND ETHNOGRAPHY ╣ 1 (14) (2011)
Razhev D.I., Rykoun M.P., Svyatova Ye.O.
Stomatological health of the medieval population in West Siberan forest zone
The publication is devoted to studying dynamics of stomatological diseases with the population of West Siberian taiga zone since VIII up to XX century. During the investigation 5208 molars (from 296 adult individuals) were subject to analysis, giving data on manifestations of caries, alveolar abscesses and lifetime loss of teeth. This enabled to determine two principally different sickness rate structures, replacing one another during the historic time.
Dental-and-jaw pathologies, caries, abscess, loss of teeth, West Siberia, native peoples, Russians, Middle Ages.
To the question of origin of the Eneolithic population from Low Kama area
The article is devoted to investigation of anthropological materials from Eneolithic burials of Murzikha II burial site in Low Kama area, attributed to the Bor culture. It shows heterogeneity of the population who left the said site, revealing anthropological components, and outlying directions of their genetic relations. The paper suggests a physical type formation model regarding creators of burial complexes with źBor╗ cultural traditions. It is indicated that the origin of these components being in many respects connected with forest belt ancient populations of Eastern Europe, one of which could be associated with ancient, the so called North Eurasian, anthropological formation.
Craniology, morphology, Eneolithic of Low Kama area, the Bor culture, Neolithic of the Urals, Neolithic of West Siberia, mutability of anthropological features, polymorphism, Uralic-Laponoid group.
Rykoun ╠.P., Kravchenko G.G., Kravchenko D.G.
Interdisciplinary studies of ethnocultural processes in North Eurasia (on the basis of anthropological data and GIS technology)
An important role of paleoanthropological materials in the studies of ethno- and racial genesis with peoples of Siberia makes the available collections of such materials particularly important. At present, the largest craniological collection in the Asian part of Russia being the Office of Anthropology at the National Research Tomsk State University where anthropological studies have been conducted since late XIX century. Due to a large volume of materials in the said collection, quite promising being the use of information technology. Basing on the collections from the University Office of Anthropology, the paper presents an experience of creating database integrated with GIS component. Such approach enables to study materials within single technology, using both statistical and geographic methods. As an example of geographical analysis, subject to discussion being the task of paleoclimate reconstruction for the Kamenka culture distribution area.
Paleoanthropological materials, craniological collections, racial genesis, ethnogenesis, database of anthropological data, GIS system, spatial analysis, interdisciplinary approach.