BULLETIN OF ARCHAEOLOGY, ANTHROPOLOGY AND ETHNOGRAPHY ¹ 1 (20) (2013)
Adaptation stages of Ugansk Khanty at the Demyanka river: economic development and settlement of a new territory
The article considers a migration process of Ugansk Khanty into basin of the Demyanka river and formation of a new local ethnic group. The paper reconstructs stages and chronology of the migration, as well as the initial adaption of Khanty on the new territory. The obtained information makes it possible to establish motives of the migration, migration routes, and history of emergence of certain family names on the Demyanka territory.
Ugansk Khanty, the Demyanka basin, migration, cultural adaptation, identity, local ethnic group.
Russian borrowings in traditional culture of Alaska native people: a cultural shift and its influence upon ethnicity
The article is devoted to problems of borrowing cultural traditions by Alaska native people, basing on analysis of expedition materials by L.A. Zagoskin in 1841–1843, as well as on field materials by the author collected during his expedition, tracing L.A. Zagoskin, in 2009. In the 1940s, one fixed a rapid process of borrowing everyday elements from Russian culture by the native people. Dissemination of the Orthodox faith and rootedness tended to principally change cultural patterns in the life of the local tribes. An active life of the borrowings was fixed by the author at the modern stage as well (in the language, spiritual culture and in elements of everyday life, i.e. buildings, burial places, clothing, and others). A number of communities believe the Orthodox faith to be the basis of their identity. Thus, in the diachrony one observes a process of changing a cultural paradigm with no loss of ethnic identity. Moreover, the borrowed elements tend to become its basis.
Alaska, native people, Athabasks, Eskimos-Yupik, Russian-American Company, Zagoskin, Russian borrowings, cultural shift.
Gathering cedar nuts with Tobolsk Tartars in the late XX — early XXI century: ecological and adaptation aspects
Basing on field ethnographic materials, the author describes adaptation of gathering cedar nuts to crisis economic events with Tobolsk Tartars at the border of XX–XXI centuries. It is advised to consider and comment on different aspects of gathering cedar nuts from view point of their ecological causation. Subject to tracing being direct and inverse correlations between state of the local natural resources and character, properties, and dynamic of gathering activity under modern conditions.
Tobolsk Tartars, gathering cedar nuts, ecology, adaptation.
Fyodorov R.Yu., Bogordayeva À.À.
Historical and ethnographic aspects of life with Byelorussian migrants in the Low Baikal basin
The article is devoted to generalizing results of expedition investigations in the places of compact residence of Byelorussian peasants-the-migrants on the territory of Bayandayevo District, Irkutsk Oblast. The paper considers ethnocultural interactions between Byelorussians and Buryats, investigating principles of preservation and transformations of traditional culture of the migrants.
Byelorussian migrants, Byelorussians in Siberia, agrarian migrations, traditional Byelorussian culture, ethnocultural interactions, Bayandayevo District of Irkutsk Oblast.
Voskresensk votchina of Tobolsk St. Sophia House at the end of XVII — XVIII c.
The article is devoted to a history regarding Voskresensk votchina of Tobolsk St. Sophia House, detailing everyday life of the votchina peasants under frequent territorial conflicts with Bashkirs and Kyrgyz-the-Kaysaks (Kazakhs), including comments on architectural details of the settlements created for defensive purposes. The paper revises the peasants’ activities, a taxation system of the votchina population, as well as forms of their protest against the votchina administration.
Peasants, votchina economy, Tobolsk St. Sophia House, Bashkirs, Kyrgyz-the-Kaysaks, fortification, taxation system, peasant unrest.
Tribal festivals of Altai people in the ethnocultural discourse of the Republic of Altai
For the first time, the attention is paid at semantic aspects of place and time in conducting tribal festivals of Altai people. The author undertakes a description of functions of a renewed zaysanat and its social role in arran-ging tribal events. Basing on the obtained materials, subject to systematization being markers of seoks-tribes (tamga, horse standing, a tribal banner) together with determining a general basis of a tribal structure with Altai people in functioning of traditions of mutual help.
Altai people, tribal festival, seok-tribe, zaysan, tribal customs, tribal territory.
Tyumen Protestant communities in the context of «religious Renaissance» in 1990s — 2000s.
By an example of Tyumen Protestant churches, subject to consideration being a process of «religious Renaissance» in Russia, analyzing a quantitative increase of communities and their number in 1990s-–2000s, as well as determinants restraining these processes, such as church schisms, a narrowly social activity and others.
Religious Renaissance, Protestantism, religious feeling, counting of believers, number of parishio-ners.
Lobanova Î.Yu., Semyonov À.V.
A repertoire of protest actions: an experience of sociocultural analysis
The article shows a dynamic regarding a repertoire of protest actions in Tyumen. Using a sociocultural analysis, subject to analysis being a set of symbols and implications typical of protests’ participants. Protest actions might have both traditional forms (meetings, pickets) and new forms (flash mobs, street parties). Their participants tend to shape their individual set of protest practices and use urban environment in a different way. For instance, communist parties are distinctive of certain repeatability of their repertoire, while nationalists and the Orthodox community use a broader set of tools.
Repertoire, protests and protest actions, political anthropology, regional policy, political parties.