BULLETIN OF ARCHAEOLOGY, ANTHROPOLOGY AND ETHNOGRAPHY ¹ 1 (24) (2014)
Chairkina N.M., Dubovtseva Ye.N.
Neolithic pottery complexes from the settlement of Nizhneye Ozero III
The article considers Neolithic pottery complexes from a multilayer settlement of Nizhneye Ozero III located at the bottom of the macroslope of the Urals, in the southern part of the North Urals. Subject to analysis being typological-morphological and technological characteristics regarding two pottery types of the Neolithic Age lying down together at the bottom of several structures. The authors come out with suggestions on their cultural identity and time of existence.
Òhe Neolithic Age, pottery type, typological-morphological and technological characteristics.
Neolithic dwellings from settlements of the Mergen’ lake
Subject to analysis being morphological characteristics regarding dwellings from Neolithic settlements of the Mergen’ lake in the Low Ishim basin (early and advanced periods). The paper identifies structural characteristics, suggesting classification of the structures. Basing on the obtained data, the author traces the development dynamics of the housebuilding traditions with the population from the Low Ishim basin, making graphical reconstructions of the structures.
Low Ishim basin, the Neolithic Age, settlement, Mergen’ 3, Mergen’ 6, Mergen’ 7, housebuilding, dwelling, structure, group, subgroup, traditions.
Novikov I.K., Degtyareva A.D., Shilov S.N.
The Bronze Age burials of Ozernoye 1 and Ozernoye 3 (the investigation results)
The article is devoted to publication of materials from burial complexes regarding burials of Ozernoye 1 and Ozernoye 3 on the territory of Kurgan Oblast. Particulars of a funeral rite, pottery, copper and bronze articles allowed to refer the burial of Ozernoye 1 to the Petrovka culture, while the burial of Ozernoye 3 — to the Sintashta culture. The article quotes results of the analytical (X-ray fluorescent, metallographic) investigation of the copper and bronze inventory, which confirms the cultural interpretation suggested by the authors.
Burials of Ozernoye 1 and Ozernoye 3, Trans-Urals, Bronze Age, the Petrovka culture, the Sintashta culture.
Zakh V.A., Kostomarov V.M., Ilyushina V.V., Ryabogina N.Ye., Ivanov S.N., Kostomarova Yu.V.
The Koptyaki complex from the settlement of Chepkoul 5
The paper considers materials of the Koptyaki culture from a multilayer site of Chepkoul 5, including its stratigraphy and paleolandscape environment, planning of the settlement, dwellings, pottery complex, as well as technological and ornamental traditions with the Koptyaki population. Subject to analysis being an implement complex and pollen spectres sampled from sectional layers of the Koptyaki dwelling 3. Of interest being a finding of pollen, most probably of cultural cereals, in the layers from the filling of the dwelling, which, according to its morphometric parameters, being close to the similar pollen from the filling of the wells in the Fyodorovka settlement of Kurya, which makes a possible appearance of arable farming in the Low Tobol basin somewhat more ancient.
Low Tobol basin, the Andreyevskoye Lake, settlement, the Koptyaki culture, dwellings, spore-and-pollen spectres, pollen of cultural cereals.
Formation of the Fyodorovo culture in the Low Tobol basin and migration ways of its media to the east
The article considers cultural and historic processes occurring on the territory of the forest steppe and south taiga parts of the Low Tobol basin in the late III millennium — early II millennium B.C. and associated with beginning of the global aridization of the climate which peak fell on the middle of II millennium B.C. With a penetration of migrants — cattle breeders and metallurgists — subject to formation on the new territories being symbiotic cultural entities proceeding their movement to the east into Baraba, Low Tobol basin up to the Yenisei. In the Low Tobol basin, on the basis of the alien Petrovka and Alakul complexes, as well as the aboriginal Tashkovo complex, it was first the Koptyaki culture that was formed, and, on its basis, the Fyodorovo culture. The reduction of the territorial water content tends to narrow a corridor of the migration stream to the east, which, as we see it, turns into the north forest steppe. A comparison of the Fyodorovo pottery complexes from the Low Tobol basin, Low Salair basin and Sary-Arka (Central Kazakstan) with that of Kargata 6 from Baraba testify to the fact that those who penetrated into the territory of Baraba, Low Ob basin and Low Salair basin during the Fyodorovo time were most likely the natives from the Low Tobol basin and, probably to the less extent, from Central Kazakhstan.
Low Tobol basin, West Siberian forest-steppe, aridization, migration, the Alakul, Tashkovo, Koptyaki, Fyodorovo cultures.
The owl of Tomskaya Pisanitsa
The image of an owl or an eagle owl stays an extremely rare character in the cave art of North Eurasia. That is why an almost unique image of the owl from Tomskaya Pisanitsa has long been one of the semantic mysteries of the complex, becoming an emblem symbol of both the site itself, and of the open-air museum. The paper grounds versions on semantic meanings of the image and an assumed ethno-linguo-cultural identity of its makers.
Boreal owl, owl, Yama, loop, tethers, progenitor, shaman’s assistant, the Samus’ pottery.
Troitskaya T.N., Mzhelskaya T.V., Borzykh K.A.
Dwellings and household buildings from the hillfort of Zavyalovo-5
The hillfort of Zavyalovo-5 is located in the Upper Priob'ye and dated by VIII–VII cc. B.C. A short-term one, perished resulting from a fire before which it had been left by the population. Subject to excavations being 11 dwellings and several household buildings having similarities in the settlement of Linyovo-1 of the late Irmen’ culture.
The Upper Priob'ye, VIII–VII cc. B.C., hillfort, dwelling, household buildings, the late Irmen’ culture.
Ethnographic sources in archaeological trasology: potentials of a cross-disciplinary approach under analysis of stone industries from the North of the Far East
The article is devoted to identifying a position of ethnographic materials under experimental and trasological investigation of stone industries. Subject to observation being the history of using such cross-disciplinary approach in investigations of primitive technologies (evidence from the archaeology of the North of the Asian Far East), indicating basic principles and considering specific cases.
Ethnoarchaeology, experimental and trasological analysis, technological analysis, North of the Far East, handles, polished cutters of the Bering type, insert tools.