BULLETIN OF ARCHAEOLOGY, ANTHROPOLOGY AND ETHNOGRAPHY ¹ 1 (24) (2014)
Masluzhenko D.N., Ryabinina Ye.A.
The campaign of 1483 and its place in the history of Russian-Siberian relations
The article is devoted to a Russian campaign against Vogul è Yugor princedoms in 1483. Subject to identification being basic contradictions in the historiography of this event. Contrary to the conventional tradition, the authors believe that this campaign was not directly connected with Moscow-Tyumen relations, but reflects Moscow’s intention to control the former Novgorod tributaries and Trans-Ural sources of fur trading, among others using methods of Christianization. A special attention being paid to the route of the march, which allowed to determine borders of certain late medieval political alliances of West Siberia.
Moscow princedom, Pelym princedom, Tyumen khanate, khan Ibrahim, Siberian land.
Selkups of the Upper Taz: inter-cultural contacts and routes of communication with population of the neighboring river basins in XVIII–ÕÕ cc.
The article considers a range of
cultural contacts and routes of communication between Selkups of the Upper Taz
and population of the neighboring river basins of Yenisei, Vakh and Pur in
XVIII–ÕÕ cc. Subject to clarification being the
location of the Karakon Volost’ to which the population of the Upper Taz
belonged up to early
ÕÕ c., also grounding a version of localizing Karakon settlement in the vicinity of modern settlement of Kikki-Akki.
Northern Selkups, Upper Taz, Karakon Volost’, communication routes, watershed territories, inter-ethnic relations.
Infant mortality with Komi-Zyryans from the Low Tobol basin late in XIX — early XX century
Basing on data of metric books, subject to analysis being a level of infant mortality by the example of Komi-Zyryans from Ivanovo Volost’, Yalutorovsk Uyezd, Tobolsk Guberniya late in XIX — early XX c. The author considers key reasons of mortal cases, as well as sex-and-age composition of the departed.
Komi-Zyryans, infant mortality, Yalutorovsk Uyezd, Ivanovo Volost’, Òîbolsk Guberniya.
On ritual practices with Komi reindeer-breeders from North Trans-Urals
Basing on analysis of field data, the article considers a number of actions and prescriptions connected with a farewell ceremony of reindeer-breeders to summer pastures, as well as apotropeic rites, revered territories in the mountains, certain methods of meteorological magic, negative omens and methods of their neutralization, together with a description of using amulets for facilitating reindeer pasturing.
Komi of North Trans-Urals, reindeer-breeding, rites of a farewell ceremony, sacral territories, Nyor-Ojka, crosses, meteorological magic, trapping cult.
Sacral toponymy of Komi Republic and its parallels in geographical names of Russian North, the Urals and West Siberia
The article considers reflection of folk religion among residents of Komi Republic in a system of geographical names (natural objects, settlements, as well as places with left traces of ancient population). Subject to information sources being data of State Water Register of Russian Federation, toponymy glossaries, lists of archaeological sites, and field materials by the author. The obtained picture being correlated with sacral toponymy of neighbouring and kin peoples. Basing on the investigated material, the author draws conclusions on certain aspects of beliefs with Komi-Zyryans.
Komi Republic, Komi, toponyny, onomastics, holy places, folk religion, sacral geography.
Course of life and shaping of individual magic-and-medical experience in the practice of folk healing
Basing on the «course of life» concept, subject to analysis being special cases regarding development of healing experience, disclosing mechanism of its shaping. The author gives an idea of dispersion existence of magic-and-medical knowledge as a condition of its existence in time.
Folk medicine, healing, magic-and-medical experience, healers, course of life.