BULLETIN OF ARCHAEOLOGY, ANTHROPOLOGY AND ETHNOGRAPHY ¹ 3 (26) (2014)
On character of cultural interaction between the population of Yamnaya culture from steppe Volga-and-Urals region and that of Afanasyevskaya culture from Altai-and-Sayans region
The article considers one of debatable questions in the archaeology of West Siberia — the genesis of Afanasyevskaya culture. Subject to consideration being different viewpoints, placing emphasis on materials of Yamnaya culture from Volga-and-Urals interfluve. The author comes to a conclusion that the viewpoint on genesis of Afanasyevskaya culture from the territory of steppes of East Europe keeps its timeliness and finds justification in the latest discoveries.
Åarly Bronze Age, Afanasyevskaya culture, Yamnaya culture, factors of interaction.
Degtyateva A.N., Kovaleva V.T., Kuzminykh S.V.
Features of non-ferrous metal working of Tashkovo culture tribes of the Low Tobol basin
In clause generalization of the received analytical data on structure, technologies of non-ferrous metal, petrography of melting capacities Tashkovo cultures Bottom Tobol epoch of bronze. The basic part of fine color products in the form of ingots, fine instruments is made of artificial alloys — tin, tin-arsenic bronze. The most probable initial centers of delivery of metal — Ore Altai, making which centers had a doubtless priority by way of transportation tin and tin-arsenic bronze, and also powerful metallurgical Sintashta and the Petrovka centers of the south High Urals. The center Tashkovo of metal industry was low-power metalcutting, working on imported raw material which masters only have started to get acquainted with technology swimming trunks of metal owing to activity of adjacent tribes.
Tashkovo culture, West Siberia, Bottom Tobol, Bronze Age, processing of non-ferrous metal, metallurgical contacts.
Practice of posthumous disturbance into graves in cultures of early and developed Bronze Age in West Siberia: archaeological facts and ethnographic parallels
The article raises interpretation problems relating graves with traces of ancient posthumous penetration, gi-ving a general description of basic features as to the disturbed burials of the Yelunino and Fyodorovo culture. The paper gives examples of ethnographic evidences of penetration into burials, assuming possible differences in the traces of one or the other penetration and mass character of using different practices which could be fixed archaeologically.
The Yelunino culture, the Fyodorovo culture, burial and posthumous rites, disturbed burials, ancient penetrations into a grave, ethnographic parallels.
On the problem of srubnaya-and-Alakul contacts (after investigation data of ornamental traditions regarding pottery from Olayir settlement in Trans-Urals)
The article is devoted to problems of Srubnaya-and-Alakul contacts in South Trans-Urals. The author suggests an approach to this question, using the analysis of stylistic ornamental traditions. The method has been tried on the pottery material of Srubnaya, Alakul and Srubnaya-and-Alakul groups of the population residing at Olayir settlement. The author undertook a description of ornamental traditions, their quantitative analysis and calculation of the coefficient of their similarity with cultural groups identified at that site. Resulting from the analysis, subject to identification was early beginning of interaction processes and their high activity on that territory during a developed period of existence of Srubnaya and Alakul cultural-and-historical communities.
South Urals, late Bronze Age, ornamental traditions, cultural contacts, Srubnaya cultural-and-historical community, Alakul cultural-and-historical community.
Finding of a Bronze Age mould from Stary Katysh
The article presents a mould for making a plug bit found by the settlelment of Stary Katysh in the basin of the Konda river (a tributary of the Low Irtysh). Subject to clarification being a possible belonging of this object to famous pottery complexes of the Bronze Age. The paper being focused on continuity of metal production with foundry workers from the Konda basin and relations formed between the community of roll pottery cultures, the population of Andronoid conglomerations in West Siberia, and the taiga fishermen and hunters during the final stage of the Bronze Age in the West Asian (Eurasian) metallurgical province.
The Barkhatovo culture, plug bit, mould, the continuity of roll pottery cultures, Stary Katysh, the Suzgun culture, Suzgun-Loz’va (Luchkino) complexes.
On two habitats of the Pazyryk culture from mountain Altai
The article proposes a division of the Pazyryk culture sites from steppe valleys of mountain Altai according to landscape-and-geographical principle — along the Katun’-and-Chuya ridge into west and east habitats. A review of basic sites within the limits of the two habitats revealed differences in their number, location and burial inventory, confirming the existence of the two habitats.
Mountain Altai, the Pazyryk culture, habitat of sites, landscape-and-geographical principle.
Tsembalyuk S.I., Berlina S.V.
A complex of the early Iron Age from Likhachevo settlement in the Low Ishim basin
Subject to publication being materials of excavations undertaken by UAE in 1964 and in 1966 at Likhachevo settlement — the only fully investigated site of the early Iron Age in the Low Ishim basin. The investigation of the settlement resulted in total studying of fortifications and dwellings, obtaining a representative pottery material.
Òhe beginning of the early Iron Age in West Siberia, Low Ishim basin, the Baitovo culture, reconstruction, fortified settlement, fortifications, dwellings.
Burials of «Kharinsky» type from the territory of North Priuralye (or another attempt to search the «Ugrian trace»)
The article represents another attempt to search the «Ugrian trace» in archaeological cultures of Priuralye. Using instruments of mathematical statistics (hierarchial cluster analysis), the author undertook verification of a hypothesis on the availability of Sargatka and Trans-Urals cultural influence in materials of mound burials of Kharinsky type in the Upper Prikamye and North Priuralye. According to results of statistic checking, the hypothesis did not get its confirmation. The sites of Kharinsky type demonstrated stable proximity to late Sarmatian necropolises from South Bashkiria.
The Great migration, mounds of Kharinsky type, cluster analysis, Ugrians.
A dwelling and household in the Stone Age of Trans-Urals and North of West Siberia: perspectives of socioeconomic reconstruction
The article considers an informative potential of early dwellings from forest zone of Trans-Urals and North of West Siberia aiming to undertake socioeconomic reconstructions, using a microeconomic notion of «household». Subject to proceeding, being methods of corresponding investigations oriented at broader application of archaeological, natural-climatic and topographical contexts accompanying the dwellings.
Dwelling, household, production group, family, community, socioeconomic reconstruction, the Neo-lithic of Trans-Urals and North of West Siberia.