BULLETIN OF ARCHAEOLOGY, ANTHROPOLOGY AND ETHNOGRAPHY ¹ 4 (27) (2014)
Pakhunov A.S., Zhitenev V.S., Brandt N.N., Chikishev A.Yu.
Preliminary results of a comprehensive analysis of coloured pigments in the mural paintings of Kapova cave
The paper quotes preliminary investigation results regarding samples of coloured pigments in the mural paintings of Kapova cape, obtained using electron microscopy with X-ray microanalysis, Raman spectroscopy, polarization microscopy, as well as photography in the visible and infra-red band. It is hematite composing the main chromatic component of all colours. It was demonstrated that the pictures were made in red colours which shade depends on hematite particle sizes and presence of coal.
Upper Paleolithic, mural paintings, Paleolithic painting, Kapova cave, mineral pigments.
Stefanova N.K., Stefanov V.I.
Zavodoukovsk XIII settlement of the Tashkovo culture
The article presents excavation results regarding Zavodoukovsk XIII site located in the lower reaches of the Uk river in Tyumen Low Tobol basin. The most part of the obtained antiquities refers to the Tashkovo culture of the Bronze Age. Subject to investigation being remains of three typical dwellings, with obtaining sets of typical dishes, sinkers, fragments of a crucible and mace. Subject to opening being two late burial constructions.
Tyumen Low Tobol basin, settlement, Tashkovo culture, Bronze Age, Eurasian metallurgic province, dwellings, pottery, V-shaped sinkers, mace, crucibles.
Tkachev A.A., Ilyushina V.V.
On certain distinctions of the Koptyaki antiquities from the sub-taiga Low Tobol basin
The article considers materials of the Koptyaki culture from the settlement of Os’kino Boloto on the territory of Tyumen Low Tobol basin. Subject to presentation being data on particulars of constructions, an inventory complex, and pottery. The paper discusses questions of genesis and dating of the Koptyaki culture on the territory of the sub-taiga Low Tobol basin.
Tyumen Low Tobol basin, settlement of Os’kino Boloto, the Koptyaki culture, dwellings, inventory, pottery, technical and technological analysis, ornamentation.
On genesis of Andronoid antiquities from the forest-steppe Tobol and Ishim basin in the II millennium B.C.
The article is devoted to consideration of development questions regarding Andronoid traditions in the forest-steppe part of Tobol and Ishim basin. The author attempts to synchronize cultures of the Andronovo and Andro-noid circle. The paper sets up a hypothesis of two parallel trends in the culturogenetic processes which, under close interrelation, were noted for substantial differences.
Òhe Pakhomovo culture, the Tashkovo culture, the Koptyaki culture, traditions, household, culturogenesis, chronology.
Zakh V.A., Zimina O.Yu.
Early complex of the Krasnoozersky culture from the settlement of Mergen 2 in the Low Ishim basin
The article considers new materials on a transition period from Bronze to early Iron Age from the settlement of Mergen 2 in the Low Ishim basin. The investigations showed that the materials of this and other such settlements investigated in the Ishim valley, being noted for distinctions of the early stage of the Krasnoozersky culture from the Ishim and Irtysh interfluve.
Low Ishim basin, Mergen’ lake, settlement of Mergen 2, Krasnoozersky culture, pottery, inventory.
Matveyeva N.P., Anoshko O.M.
On prospects of archaeological investigation regarding wintering grounds of Yermak’s forces
The article considers basic points in the study of Yermak’s Siberian march. Basing on the analysis of Siberian chronicles, the paper indicates controversial questions of this event (i.e. chronology, marching route, localization of battle sites and wintering grounds). Subject to description being prospects of archaeological investigation regarding wintering grounds of Yermak’s forces, by the example of a legendary Karachin settlement.
Òhe initial stage in the Russian colonization of Siberia, chronology of Yermak’s march, places of the Cossacks’ battle sites and wintering grounds.
Rafikova T.N., Berlina S.V.
Fortifications of the medieval hillfort of Lastochkino Gnezdo 1: on the problem of cultural contacts
The paper quotes excavation results regarding fortifications of the hillfort of Lastochkino Gnezdo 1, conside-ring the appearance of rampart and tower fortifications during the early Iron Age and Middle Ages in West Siberia, and possible ways of their origin.
Rampart, tower, entrance, fortifications, early Middle Ages, the Bakal culture.
Anoshko O.M., Ignatov S.V.
Numismatic and sphragistic materials from the Bazarnyi excavation in Tobolsk
Subject to consideration being numismatic and sphragistic materials from the Bazarnyi (market place) excavation laid at the market place of the lower suburb in Tobolsk. The paper gives a detailed description of the coins, determining place of their coinage, time of issue, nominal value, as well as distinctions of their planigraphic and stratigraphic distribution in the pit. The analysis of lead and copper seals, as well as stamps on the glassware, chinaware and crockery allowed to enlarge ideas of traded goods and their manufacturers.
Tobolsk, lower suburb, market place, coins, counters, lead and copper seals, stamps on the glassware, chinaware and crockery.