Bioarchaeological approaches to study on traces of artificial of influence on the skull (on the example of populations Bronze Age

and Early Iron Age from the Armenia)  

Khudaverdyan A.Yu. (Yerevan, Republic of Armenia)


                      page 101–112


The paper is an attempt to study the deformed skulls, representatives of the Bronze Age and Early Iron Age from the territory of Armenia. The results of this study allow to assume, tump-line deformation may result from activities, such as carrying loads with a band across the parietal bones. Structural changes appearing in human bones during physical activity people were investigated in populations. The proposed method makes it possible to classify the occipital suprastructures. The occurrence of superstructures in the occipital bone has been attributed to physical activity and habitual motion such as lifting and transporting heavy loads. Used singly, loads were slung from the ends and the poles were balanced on the head or across both shoulders or on the one shoulder in the fore and aft position. Structural rearrangements skull bones and unintentional artificial deformation can be considered as a unique phenomenon, allowing to reconstruct some aspects of economic life of ancient people.


Key words: Armenia, Bronze Age and Iron Age, occipital superstructure, tumpline deformation.


DOI: 10.20874/2071-0437-2016-32-1-101-112




A.Yu. Khudaverdyan

Institute of Archaeology and Åthnography NAS Republic of Armenia, st. Charents, 15, Yerevan, Republic of Armenia