VESTNIK ARHEOLOGII ANTROPOLOGII I ETNOGRAFII   3 (34)  (2016)

Anthropology  

 

Structure of alimentation of the bearers of the Odino culture from the Baraba forrest-steppe area (odonologic data)  

Zubova A.V., Marchenko Zh.V., Grishin A.E. (Novosibirsk, Russian Federation)

 

                      page 107115

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The article is dedicated to reconstruction of paleodiet in three groups of the Odino archaeological culture from the burial sites of Sopka-2/4A, Tartas-1 and Preobrazhenka-6. The main goals of the article are to analyse carbohydrates and protein consumption, to determine the level of biological stress and to compare the Odinovo diet with the same features of the Neolithic Late Bronze Age populations from the South region of Western Siberia. Chronological changes in the composition of the diet were analyzed too. Frequencies of dental pathologies allow us to suggest a complex composition of the diet in the Sopka-2/4A group where a low level of carbohydrates and prevalence of animal protein were presented. The level of the food stresses was low. There are no serious differences between men and women. Basing on the sample from Tartas-1, we can suggest a higher, than in Sopka-2/4A, level of carbohydrates consumption and also a low level of stress. There is a higher level of animal proteins in the late burials. Very high frequency of caries was found in the samples from Preobrazhenka-6, which indicates a high level of carbohydrates here. Also there is a high level of food stresses, which is respectively low in women than in men. Women from this site are characterized by lower frequency of ante-mortem tooth loss and caries than men. The results of the comparative analysis showed that the strategy of food consumption had been common for the population of the Baraba forrest and steppe area during at least three thousand years.

 

Key words: Bronze Age, Odino culture, dental anthropology, paleopathology, paleodiet, caries, hypoplasia, dental calculus.

 

DOI: 10.20874/2071-0437-2016-34-3-107-115

 

19.09.2016

 

A.V. Zubova

Institute of Archaeology and Ethnography, Siberian Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences, prospect Acad. Lavrentieva, 17, 630090, Novosibirsk, Russian Federation

E-mail: zubova_al@mail.ru

 

Zh.V. Marchenko

Institute of Archaeology and Ethnography, Siberian Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences, prospect Acad. Lavrentieva, 17, 630090, Novosibirsk, Russian Federation

E-mail: afrika_77@mail.ru

 

A.E. Grishin

Institute of Archaeology and Ethnography, Siberian Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences, prospect Acad. Lavrentieva, 17, 630090, Novosibirsk, Russian Federation

E-mail: artem-grishin@mail.ru