VESTNIK ARHEOLOGII ANTROPOLOGII I ETNOGRAFII ¹ 3 (34) (2016)
On the question of typology of Mansi home sanctuaries
Bogordayeva A.A., Fedorov R.Yu. (Tyumen, Russian Federation)
The article is dedicated to systematization and generalization of ethnographic data about Mansi home sanctuaries. The author considers ethnographic descriptions published in the XVIII — XX centuries and uses her own field data. The author held expeditions to the territory of inhabitance of Northern Mansi in the settlements situated on the banks of the rivers Severnaya Sos’va and Lyapin in 2006–2010 years. Two types of home sanctuaries in traditional Mansi dwelling were marked out during the research. The first type is a holy ceiling, located directly in the living space. The second type is an attic, separated from the living space of the house by a ceiling. The research shows their interrelation and development as well as present functional features. The article also deals with the question of origin of Samsay-oyka, a house guardian spirit of Northern Mansi. The attic is considers as one of the places where it lives. A hypothesis of late formation of the image of Samsay-oyka is formulated.
Key words: Mansi, traditional dwelling, types of sanctuaries, house, home sanctuary, attic, ceiling, roof, sacred shelf, sacred corner, house guardian spirits, house guardian spirit Samsaj-ojka.
Institute of Problems of Development of the North, Siberian Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences, Malygin st., 86, Tyumen, 625026, Russian Federation
Tyumen State University, Lenin st., 25, Tyumen, 625003, Russian Federation