VESTNIK ARHEOLOGII ANTROPOLOGII I ETNOGRAFII   2 (37)  (2017)

Anthropology  

 

A comprehensive study of anthropological materials of the Late Eneolithic from the Areni 1 cave

KhudaverdyanA.Yu., Gasparyan B.Z. (Yerevan, Republic of Armenia), Pinhasi R. (Dublin, Ireland),

Kanayan A.S., Hovanesyan N.. (Yerevan, Republic of Armenia)

 

                    page 7293

(Download)

Newly excavated materials from Areni 1 cave allowed characterizing for the first time the anthropological composition of the Late Eneolithic inhabitants of Armenia. Based on anthropological and paleopathological data, physical features and disease pathology of the bones were analyzed. Results of the intergroup statistical analysis identified close morphological affinities between the Eneolithic skulls from Areni 1 with groups from Tepe Hissar II, Ginchi, Catal Huyuk, Alishar Huyuk and the bearers of the Kuro-Araxes from the Southern Caucasus. Their connection with bearers of the Maikop, Khvalynian, Pit-Grave and Catacomb cultures was also revealed. As for race and genetics, the Late Eneolithic inhabitants from Areni 1 cave, more probably, originate from the territory of the Middle East. Special treatment of the bones of the deceased is observed (polishing). Certain crania, mostly male, display traumatic lesions. Such markers of childhood stress as enamel hypoplasia and cribra orbitalia were found among individuals from Areni 1 cave. Exposure to cold coinciding with chronic staphylococcal and streptococcal foci was likely the major cause of otitis media. Auditory exostoses may indicate exposure to cold air and/or cold water, too. Unintentional deformation of the head (parietal and occipital) is found on the skulls, which is associated with social-domestic conditions.

Key words: Armenia, Areni 1, the Late Eneolithic, craniology, odontology, disease pathology, ritual, unintentional deformation

 

DOI: 10.20874/2071-0437-2017-37-2-072-093

 

07.06.2017

 

A.Yu. Khudaverdyan

Institute of Archaeology and Ethnography of the National Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Armenia, Charents st., 15, Yerevan, 0025, Republic of Armenia

E-mail: ankhudaverdyan@gmail.com

 

B.Z. Gasparyan

Institute of Archaeology and Ethnography of the National Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Armenia, Charents st., 15, Yerevan, 0025, Republic of Armenia

Yerevan State University, Alek Manoukian st., 1, Yerevan, 0025, Republic of Armenia

E-mail: borisg@virtualarmenia.am

 

R. Pinhasi

University College Dublin, Dublin, 4, Ireland

E-mail: ron.pinhasi@ucd.ie

 

A.S. Kanayan

Yerevan State Medical University after Mkhitar Heratsy, Koryun st., 2, Yerevan, 0025, Republic of Armenia

 

N.. Hovanesyan

Yerevan State University, Alek Manoukian st., 1, Yerevan, 0025, Republic of Armenia

E-mail: Nelli.hovhannisyan@ysu.am