VESTNIK ARHEOLOGII ANTROPOLOGII I ETNOGRAFII   1 (40)  (2018)

Anthropology  

 

Anthropological characteristics of the Armenian highlands population and ethnogenetic situation in South Eastern Europe

in the Middle Age

Khudaverdyan A.Yu., Zhamkochyan .S., Hakopyan N.G., Babayan F.S., Engibaryan A.A. (Yerevan, Republic of Armenia),

Khachatryan .., Eganyan L.G. (Gyumri, Republic of Armenia)

 

                  page 6088

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The article presents preliminary results of an anthropological research of human bone remains, obtained during excavations of medieval monuments on the territory of the Republic of Armenia. Cases of deliberate artificial modifications of skulls and unintentional cradle deformations were observed. Two unusual shapes (triangular, circular) of gaskets on the occipital bone in the individuals with frontal-occipital deformation were found. An individual from Burakn with artificial modification of the skull is characterized by a static asymmetry of the skull, the facial skeleton and the dental system. Craniological data indicates a heterogeneous anthropological composition of the population. A specific set of characteristics close to the Caucasion type were present among the inhabitants of Hovhannavank in the Late Middle Age. Results of the intergroup statistical analysis identified close morphological affinities between the Middle Age skulls from Armenia with groups from Southern and North-Western Caucasus, Iran, Mesopotamia. This article also analyzes morphological features of the postcranial skeleton. Muscular relief n bones was very well developed in the vast majority of cases.

 

Key words: Armenia, Middle Ages, Craniology, Osteology, Odontology, artificial modification of skulls, torticollis, heterogeneity of population.

 

DOI: 10.20874/2071-0437-2018-40-1-060-088

 

15.03.2018

 

A.Yu. Khudaverdyan

Institute of Archaeology and Ethnography of the National Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Armenia, Charents st., 15, Yerevan, 0025, Republic of Armenia

E-mail: akhudaverdyan@mail.ru

 

.S. Zhamkochyan

Institute of Archaeology and Ethnography of the National Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Armenia, Charents st., 15, Yerevan, 0025, Republic of Armenia

E-mail: meri.axababyan@yandex.ru

 

N.G. Hakopyan

Institute of Archaeology and Ethnography of the National Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Armenia, Charents st., 15, Yerevan, 0025, Republic of Armenia

E-mail: husik.melkonyan@mail.ru

 

F.S. Babayan

Institute of Archaeology and Ethnography of the National Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Armenia, Charents st., 15, Yerevan, 0025, Republic of Armenia

E-mail: safdav@yahoo.com

 

A.A. Engibaryan

Mkhitar Heratsy Yerevan State Medical University, Koryun st. 2, Yerevan, 0025, Republic of Armenia

E-mail: ripmatev@mail.ru

 

.. Khachatryan

Shirak Centre of Armenian Studies, National Academy of Sciences, Republic of Armenia, Myasnikyan st., 118, Gyumri, 3114, Republic of Armenia

E-mail: smuseum@web.am

 

L.G. Eganyan

Shirak Centre of Armenian Studies, National Academy of Sciences, Republic of Armenia, Myasnikyan st., 118, Gyumri, 3114, Republic of Armenia

E-mail: larisayeganyan@gmail.com