VESTNIK ARHEOLOGII ANTROPOLOGII I ETNOGRAFII   2 (41)  (2018)

rchaeology

 

On the interaction between the Andrevevskaya and the Lipchinskaya cultures in the Lower Tobol river basin (basd on the materials of Velizhany 1 settlement)

Zakh V.A., Zimina O.Yu. (Tyumen, Russian Federation)

 

                  page 516

(Download)

The transition period from the Stone Age to the Metal Era was an important stage, as it is characterized by the spread of new technologies and industries. However, only minor changes occurred in the life of the West Siberian population. They affected only some areas of the life support system. The population continued to use mainly tools made of stone. Few tools of copper, and later of bronze, appeared only at the end of the III millennium BC. That time, which coincide with the beginning of the subboreal period with unstable climate and landscapes, is characterized by significant population movements. The comb-and-pit ornamental tradition was spreading in Western Siberia during that period, and it filtered into the territory of the Lower Tobol River basin. We suppose that the groups of population with the pit-comb ceramics penetrated to the north-west of Western Siberia close to that period, and after that they appeared in Tobol basin. Probably, they came from the north-western regions of Eastern Europe (Karelia). Groups of bearers of the false-cord ornamentation of ceramics (Lipchinskaya culture) also appeared in the Lower Tobol River basin coming from the highland and forest Trans-Urals. Probably, the initial stage of interaction between the population of the Andreevskaya and the Lipchinskaya cultures is represented by the materials of Velizhany 1 settlement in the Lower Tobol River basin. These materials show a fusion of ethno-cultural massifs with an exchange of technologies, in particular, metal production. The Mysaevsky complexes with the pit-textile ornamentation of ceramic, spread mainly in the Ishim River basin, are a continuation of the sociocultural adaptation of the population and the rapprochement of Andreevskaya and Lipchinskaya cultural massifs. They demonstrate a combination of Andreevskaya and Lipchinnskaya ornamental motifs.

 

Key words: Trans-Urals, the Lower Tobol River basin, Velizhany 1, Andreevskaya culture, Lipchinskaya culture, pit-comb complex, false-cord complex, interaction, adaptation of cultural traditions.

 

DOI: 10.20874/2071-0437-2018-41-2-005-016              

 

18.06.2018

 

V.A. Zakh,

Tyumen Scientific Centr of Siberian Branch RAS, Malygina st., 86, Tyumen, 625003, Russian Federation

E-mail: viczakh@mail.ru

 

O.Yu. Zimina

Tyumen Scientific Centr of Siberian Branch RAS, Malygina st., 86, Tyumen, 625003, Russian Federation

E-mail: o_winter@mail.ru