VESTNIK ARHEOLOGII ANTROPOLOGII
I ETNOGRAFII ¹ 4 (43) (2018)
The Muslim landscape of the urban district of Tyumen: places, size and socio-demographic
composition of prayer meetings
(Tyumen, Russian Federation)
The studies of Muslim landscape in Russia
demonstrate a severe deficiency in works dedicated to the analysis of how the
Muslims are included into religious practices. This issue is especially relevant
for regions where Islam is a minority religion. This article introduces the
results of an empirical study of socio-demographic composition and dynamics of
the number of participants of Friday and feast collective prayers in the Urban
District of Tyumen in
2009–2016. Non-participant structured observation was used as the
main research method. In addition, expert interviews with religious specialists
and analysis of Muslim media were applied to collect and to verify the data. As
a result, we
observed a positive dynamics of the number of
participants in dogmatically obligatory prayer meetings and documented their
socio-demographic composition. The number of Muslims at Friday afternoon prayers
has almost doubled. Their number at festive worships has grown more than twice.
Men significantly predominate at all prayer meetings. On average, they account
for 90 % of all participants at collective prayers in the urban district.
Middle-aged and young people represent the largest age groups of believers at
Jumu'ah prayers. According to the experts,
most of the men attending mosque meetings come from different regions of
Central Asia, the Southern and Northern Caucasus. Tatars represent from 5 % to
10 % of all the parishioners at prayer meetings in the urban district.
Key words: Muslim landscape of Russia, Muslims,
Tyumen region, religious practices, structured observation.
Tyumen Scientific Centre of Siberian Branch RAS,
Malygina st., 86, Tyumen, 625026, Russian Federation