VESTNIK ARHEOLOGII ANTROPOLOGII I ETNOGRAFII   2 (45)  (2019)

Anthropology  

 

A comprehensive study of the Bukhta Nakhodka 2 burial (Yamal-Nenets Autonomous Area, Yamal peninsula)  

Bagashev A.N. (Tyumen, Russian Federation), Slepchenko S.M. (Tyumen, Surgut, Russian Federation), Kardash O.V. (Surgut, Russian Federation),

Alekseeva E.A., Sleptsova A.V. (Tyumen, Russian Federation)

 

             page 104116

(Download)

This article presents results of a comprehensive study of paleoanthropological materials from the Buchta Nakhodka 2 burial on the Yamal peninsula (Yamalsky district, Yamal-Nenets Autonomous Area, Tyumen region, Russia). Morphological features of the skulls indicate their belonging to the Eastern-Mongoloid anthropological formation. However, in terms of the nasal bridge structure, they also belong to the Western Caucasoid population. The results of a study using the methods of multivariate statistics show that, despite a high individual variability characteristic of the modern species of Homo sapiens, the range of variability observed in the materials from the Buchta Nakhodka and Yumadoto burial grounds is within the scope of the intergroup variability typical of the North Samoyedic peoples. On this basis, a more representative sample of this ethnic group has been formed, which is taxonomically included in the Yamalo-Enisey group of populations of the West-Siberian anthropological formation. An interesting feature of the studied materials consists in the archaic structure of the lower premolars and the vestibular protuberance of the medial incisors, which are markers of an archaic character. Appearance of the population having lived in Yamal at that time is clearly shown via the facial reconstruction based on crania.

Key words: West Siberia, the Yamal peninsula, paleoanthropology, craniology, odontology, anthropological facial reconstruction, facial approximation.

 

DOI: 10.20874/2071-0437-2019-45-2-104-116

  

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a
Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

 

Submitted: 11.03.2019

Accepted: 01.04.2019

Article is published: 28.06.2019

 

A.N. Bagashev

Tyumen Scientific Centre of Siberian Branch RAS, Malygina st., 86, Tyumen, 625026, Russian Federation

E-mail: bagashev@mail.ru

 

S.M. Slepchenko

Tyumen Scientific Centre of Siberian Branch RAS, Malygina st., 86, Tyumen, 625026, Russian Federation

Surgut State University, Lenina st., 1, Surgut, 628412, Russian Federation

E-mail: s_slepchenko@list.ru

 

O.V. Kardash

Surgut State University, Lenina st., 1, Surgut, 628412, Russian Federation

E-mail: kov_ugansk@mail.ru

 

E.A. Alekseeva

Tyumen Scientific Centre of Siberian Branch RAS, Malygina st., 86, Tyumen, 625026, Russian Federation

-mail: alekseeva.elena.ae@gmail.com

 

A.V. Sleptsova

Tyumen Scientific Centre of Siberian Branch RAS, Malygina st., 86, Tyumen, 625026, Russian Federation

-mail: sleptsova_1993@mail.ru