VESTNIK ARHEOLOGII ANTROPOLOGII I ETNOGRAFII   2 (49)  (2020)

rchaeology

 

The Sarov complex on the Singul Lake  

Tkachev A.A., Tkachev Al.Al., Rafikova T.N.  (Tyumen, Russian Federation)

 

              page 6776

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The paper presents the results of the study of the Sarov complex in the Roza Vetrov VII settlement, located in the forest-steppe Tobol River Region (Western Siberia). The Sarov stage of the Kulayka Culture terminates the Early Iron Age and dates to the 1st c. BC 3rd c. AD. The dwelling represented by a hut-like superstructure used by fishermen during the spawning period of the warm season is described. Also characterised are the tools including pestle, grindstone, and a fragment of the casting form. The pottery complex reflects all specific features of the Sarov stage ware the monotony of the ornamental composition, which consists of multiple repetition of rows of the combed stamp and waves, downswept rims. The characteristic of the sample is the complete absence of figured stamps in the ornamentation. The time of migration of the northern taiga population into the sub-taiga and forest-steppe zones of Western Siberia is based on the chronological position of the Sarov sites and specifics of the historical and cultural situation in the present region in the end of the Early Iron Age. The Sargatka Culture, which was spread in the territory of the forest-steppe Trans-Urals, existed until the end of the 2nd early 3rd c. AD. The Sarov complex of the Ayga VIII settlement is attributed to the 3rd c. AD; the burials of the multicultural Kozlov burial ground, where the Sarov pottery has been found, are dated to the 3rd6th c. AD. The spread of the Sarov population occurred from the Surgut area of the Ob River Region or the Lower Irtysh River Region along the main water arteries the rivers of Irtysh, Tobol, Tura, Iset from the 3rd c. AD. The Sarov materials of the Roza Vetrov VII settlement could be dated to the same time. The Sarov population took part in the genesis of the early medieval cultures of the forest-steppe and the sub-taiga Trans-Urals. Bakal Culture inherited from the bearers of the Sargatka Culture the pottery ornamentation technique, while from the population of the Sarov and Karym Cultures the shape of vessels with a whisk and cornice sloping inside. The influence of the northern taiga population can also explain the spread of fortifications with bastions in Tobolo-Ishim Region.

Key words: forest-steppe Tobol River Region, Early Iron Age, Sarov stage of Kulayka ulture, dwelling, material stock.

 

https://doi.org/10.20874/2071-0437-2020-49-2-6

 

Funding. The article has been written within the State Project No. -17-117050400147-2.


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This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License
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Accepted: 02.03.2020

Article is published: 05.06.2020

 

Tkachev A.A.

Tyumen Scientific Centre of Siberian Branch RAS, Malygin st., 86, Tyumen, 625026, Russian Federation

E-mail: sever626@mail.ru

https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4072-2724

 

Tkachev Al.Al.

University of Tyumen, Volodarskogo st., 6, Tyumen, 625003, Russian Federation

E-mail: al.al.tkachev@mail.ru

https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8797-0648

 

Rafikova T.N.

Tyumen Scientific Centre of Siberian Branch RAS, Malygin st., 86, Tyumen, 625026, Russian Federation

E-mail: tnrafikova@yandex.ru

https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6939-1180