VESTNIK ARHEOLOGII ANTROPOLOGII I ETNOGRAFII   3 (50)  (2020)

rchaeology

 

Pottery complex of the Bronze Age burial ground of Kulevchi VI: typology and technical-technological analysis  

Ilyushina V.V. (Tyumen, Russian Federation), Alaeva I.P., Vinogradov N.B.(Chelyabinsk, Russian Federation)

 

              page 3547

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This paper presents the results of the typological study and technical-technological analysis of the pottery complex from the Late Bronze Age burial ground of Kulevchi VI (Southern Ural, Russia). The typological analysis of 107 objects yielded 10 types of the vessels correlated with four cultural and chronological groups: Petrovka; Early Alakul; Alakul and Alakul-Fedorov. The presence of all designated groups and types of vessels in the burial ground indicates functioning of the necropolis during the whole period of existence of the Alakul Culture: types I, I and I the formation stage of the actual Alakul Culture associated with the pottery of the Petrovka type of the sites; types II, II, III the golden age of the Alakul Culture; and type II the late stage of the Alakul Culture, reflecting the engagement with sub-cultural groups of the Fedorovskaya population. The technical-technological analysis using the method developed by A.A. Bobrinsky revealed the pottery skills of the population making different types of vessels. Amongst the studied population, only natural clays were used for pottery. The molding composition included organic additives and talcum gruss, and sometimes also chamotte. One program of constructing of the clay blank, the vaulted bottom type, has been identified, and the use of the patchwork spiral applique has been recorded. The surface of the vessels was smoothened and subjected to glazing. The firing of pottery items was carried out in fire-pits and hearths. Close similarity of the potters skills at different stages of pottery making has been observed for the items of the Petrovka, Early and Classical Alakul and Alakul-Fedorov Cultures. Correlation of the collected information with the known data on the ceramics of the Petrovka and Alakul types demonstrates commonality of the skills possessed by these groups of the population of Southern Ural and Northern Kazakhstan. On the basis of similarity of the pottery-making technologies of different chronological groups of the burial grounds of Kulevchi VI, it has been established that the development of the pottery-making traditions of the population was taking place within affinal groups. The similarity of the pottery traditions and gra-dual evolution of the Petrovka, Early Alakul; Alakul and Alakul-Fedorov groups allow considering them within the framework of the same phenomenon the Alakul Culture.

Key words: South Ural, burial ground Kulevchi VI, Alakul culture, ceramics, typology of ceramic vessels, technical and technological analysis.

 

https://doi.org/10.20874/2071-0437-2020-50-3-3

 

Funding. The article has been written within the State Project No. -17-117050400147-2 (V.V. Ilyushina).

 

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Accepted: 29.05.2020

Article is published: 28.08.2020

 

Ilyushina V.V.

Tyumen Scientific Centre of Siberian Branch RAS, Malygin st., 86, Tyumen, 625026, Russian Federation

E-mail: vika_tika@mail.ru

.., https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1517-0101

 

Alaeva I.P.

South Ural State Humanitarian Pedagogical University, Lenina st., 69, Chelyabinsk, 454080, Russian Federation

E-mail: alaevaira@mail.ru

.., https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8322-5835

 

Vinogradov N.B.

South Ural State Humanitarian Pedagogical University, Lenina st., 69, Chelyabinsk, 454080, Russian Federation

E-mail:

.., https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0434-6012