VESTNIK ARHEOLOGII ANTROPOLOGII I ETNOGRAFII   4 (51)  (2020)

Anthropology  

 

Analysis of gilded teeth from the 11th13th c. burial in the Zmeyskiy cemetery (Republic of North Ossetia Alania) 

Frizen S.Yu., Vashchenkova E.S., Loboda A.Yu., Presnyakova N.N., Pozhidaev V.M., Retivov V.M., Tereschenko E.Yu. (Moscow, Russian Federation), Bakushev M.A.  (Rostov-on-Don, Russian Federation), Vasiliev S.V., Yatsishina E.B. (Moscow, Russian Federation)

 

              page 187198

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Presented are the results of analysis of paleoanthropological materials two teeth with gilded surface found in catacomb 62 (Excavation III) of the Zmeyskiy burial ground (Stn Zmeyskaya, Kirovsky District, North Ossetia Alania). The burial is dated to the 11th12th c. This material is unique both for the area and the cultural tradition, and for the specified period. The scanning electron microscopy with energy-dispersive X-ray microanalysis, gas chromatography mass-spectrometry and inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry were used. It has been determined that gilding was performed using organic binders a mixture of animal fat, linseed and hemp oils. Based on the coating weakness, as well as traces of gilding detected on the dentin below the enamel layer, it has been concluded that the gilding process was postmortem. The analysis of composition of gold (Au 86.2 wt%, Ag 13.2 wt%), micro- and trace impurities, and its comparison with published data made it possible to attribute this gold to epithermal Au-Ag ores.

Key words: Zmeyskiy cemetery, paleoanthropological materials, teeth, gilding, electron microscopy, energy dispersive X-ray microanalysis, inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry, gas chromato-graphy with mass spectrometry.

 

https://doi.org/10.20874/2071-0437-2020-51-4-16

 

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This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Accepted: 07.09.2020

Article is published: 27.11.2020

 

S.Yu. Frizen

Miklouho-Maclay Institute of Ethnology and Anthropology RAS, Leninski prospect, 32a, Moscow, 119334, Russian Federation

E-mail: frizents@iea.ras.ru (Frizen S.Yu.)

https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7160-7764

 

E.S. Vashchenkova

National research Centre Kurchatov Institute, pl. Academician Kurchatov, 1, 123098, Moscow, Russian Federation

National research Centre Kurchatov Institute IREA, Bogorodsky Val, 3, Moscow, 107076, Russian Federation

E-mail: e_katerina2708@mail.ru (Vashchenkova E.S.)

https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9921-4142

 

A.Yu. Loboda

National research Centre Kurchatov Institute, pl. Academician Kurchatov, 1, 123098, Moscow, Russian Federation

E-mail: lobodaau@mail.ru (Loboda A.Yu.)

https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4926-1140

 

N.N. Presnyakova

National research Centre Kurchatov Institute, pl. Academician Kurchatov, 1, 123098, Moscow, Russian Federation

E-mail: Kolobylina@gmail.com (Presnyakova N.N.)

https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6491-3058

 

 V.M. Pozhidaev

National research Centre Kurchatov Institute, pl. Academician Kurchatov, 1, 123098, Moscow, Russian Federation

E-mail: pojidaev2006@yandex.ru (Pozhidaev V.M.)

https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5916-4374

 

V.M. Retivov 

National research Centre Kurchatov Institute, pl. Academician Kurchatov, 1, 123098, Moscow, Russian Federation

National research Centre Kurchatov Institute IREA, Bogorodsky Val, 3, Moscow, 107076, Russian Federation

E-mail:  vasilii_retivov@mail.ru (Retivov V.M.)

https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3649-2778

 

E.Yu. Tereschenko

National research Centre Kurchatov Institute, pl. Academician Kurchatov, 1, 123098, Moscow, Russian Federation

Shubnikov Institute of Crystallography FSRC Crystallography and photonics RAS, Leninski prospect, 59, Moscow, Russian Federation

E-mail: elenatereschenko@yandex.ru (Tereschenko E.Yu.)

https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5035-6978

 

M.A. Bakushev

Independent researcher, Rostov-on-Don, Russian Federation

E-mail: bakart@mail.ru (Bakushev M.A.)

https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2958-2115

 

S.V. Vasiliev

Miklouho-Maclay Institute of Ethnology and Anthropology RAS, Leninski prospect, 32a, Moscow, 119334, Russian Federation

E-mail: vasbor1@yandex.ru (Vasiliev S.V.)

https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0128-6568

 

E.B. Yatsishina

National research Centre Kurchatov Institute, pl. Academician Kurchatov, 1, 123098, Moscow, Russian Federation

E-mail:  Yatsishina_EB@nrcki.ru (Yatsishina E.B.)

https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7652-7253