Finds of ornitomorphic images of the End of the Early Iron Age in the Lower Angara region
Senotrusova P.O., Ekkerdt A.A., Mandryka P.V.
Vestnik arheologii, antropologii i etnografii, 2021, ¹ 3 (54)
The paper concerns the ornithomorphic images found at the Pinchuga VI burial ground. The site is located in the lower course of the river Angara (Middle Siberia). The chronological boundaries of the study span the second quarter of the 1st millennium AD (end of the Early Iron Age). All burials at the burial ground were performed according to the rite of cremation outside the cemetery. Two intact objects and fragments of the third image of a bird were found at the necropolis. Figures were found in different contexts. One of them was found in the filling of a grave pit, the second item within an assemblage of various articles in the inter-grave space. The third item was broken and lost as the result of illegal excavations. All articles share similar characteristics. These are realistic images of diurnal birds of prey “frozen” in a diving flight; the images are shown en face, with a high-relief head, with the tucked wings and feet pulled up with talons. A geometric decor conveys their feather, and a stylized mask is present on the chest of one item. The images are slightly convex, their front side is polished. The closest analogies to the Angara images of birds are known in Western Siberia, including the Tomsk burial ground, the Kholmogory treasure, the Ishim collection, and materials from the Parabel cult place. All this makes it possible to attribute the analyzed items to the Kholmogory stylistic group of the Kulai cult casting. Products of this group became widespread in Western Siberia in the second quarter of the 1st millennium AD. The ornithomorphic images found at the Pinchuga VI cemetery extend the geographical range of the items of this style to the territory of Middle Siberia. Apart from the figurines of birds, the necropolis also yields other items of the Western Siberian cult casting, including disks with concentric ornaments, a hollow image of a fish head, and a bird-head belt applique. Bronze items were imported, and in the course of exchange they were spreading over considerable distances. This proves the existence of established cultural ties between the populations of the Lower Angara region and Western Siberia at the End of the Early Iron Age.
Keywords: Lower Angara region, the end of the Early Iron Age, West Siberian cult casting, ornito-morphic images, chronology, importation.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
Article is published: 27.08.2021
Senotrusova P.O., Siberian Federal University, Svobodny prosp., 79, Krasnoyarsk, 660041, Russian Federation, E-mail: Polllina1987@rambler.ru, https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3969-9907
Mandryka P.V., Siberian Federal University, Svobodny prosp., 79, Krasnoyarsk, 660041, Russian Federation, E-mail: email@example.com, https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8647-3823